Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas P., Karsten, Witali, Möhwald, Holger
Kompetenzmanagement im Zeitalter von Industrie 4.0: Ein Prozessmodell für agile Herangehensweisen zur Entwicklung von Erfahrungswissen
In: GfA-Frühjahrstagung 2017, 2017

Abstract Angesichts des demographischen Wandels und der disruptiven Veränderung von vielen Industriebereichen durch die fortschreitende Digitalisierung/Industrie 4.0 sieht sich das Thema Kompetenzmanagement vor neuen Herausforderungen. Es geht nun vor allem um agile Herangehensweisen, die Umbruchssituationen und kreativen, auf Einzelsituationen angepassten Einzellösungen gewachsen sind. Der Beitrag stellt ein Kompetenzmanagementprozessmodell und dessen Anwendung auf konkrete Unternehmensbeispiele vor, das auf die wechselseitige Abhängigkeit von unterschiedlichen Ebenen (operativ, strategisch, normativ) und die Verknüpfung mit anderen Unternehmensprozessen abzielt. Dabei ist im besonderen Fokus der Einbau von Lernzyklen für ein Double-Loop-Learning, um die Zielsetzung und eingesetzte Methoden an die sich teilweise schnell verändernden Umgebungsbedingungen zu erreichen und doch auf ein stabiles systematisches Vorgehen setzen zu können.

Grosser, Zahra, Schmidt, Andreas P., Bachl, Martin, Kunzmann, Christine
Determining the Outdatedness Level of Knowledge in Collaboration Spaces Using A Machine Learning-Based Approach
In: Professionelles Wissensmanagement. Tagungsband der 9. Konferenz Professionelles Wissensmanagement (Professional Knowledge Management) Karlsruhe, Germany, April 5-7, 2017., 2017, pp. 2-17

Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas P.
Soziale Lerntechnologien für die Weiterentwicklung des beruflichen Selbstverständnisses am Beispiel europäischer Arbeitsagenturen
In: 9. Konferenz Professionelles Wissensmanagement, 5.-7. April 2017, Karlsruhe, CEUR Workshop Proceedings vol. , 2017

Abstract Mitarbeiter von Arbeitsagenturen sehen sich derzeit großen Verände-rungen gegenüber, die ihr berufliches Selbstverständnis herausfordern. Im Rahmen des Projektes EmployID wird untersucht, wie sich mit Hilfe von „Social Learning“-Ansätzen die Weiterentwicklung des beruflichen Selbstver-ständnisses fördern lässt. Anhand von drei Kontexten (Vereinigtes Königreich, Kroatien, Slowenien) und vier technisch-konzeptionellen Ansätzen (Reflexion, Social Learning Programmes, Visualisierung von Arbeitsmarktdaten und Peer Coaching) wird gezeigt, wie sich konstruktive Veränderungsprozesse anstoßen lassen, die das „Lernen von anderen“ in den Vordergrund stellen.

Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas P., Pirker, Johanna
Pattern-oriented approaches for design-based research in collaborative research projects: A knowledge maturing perspective
In: Proceedings of EuroPLoP 2016, ACM, 2017

Abstract Design-based research has become increasingly popular in collaborative cross-disciplinary research projects. Based on the experience in several European research projects, this research methodology allows for more agile research approaches. However, it is still a challenge to turn design experiences into a sound body of evidence that can be transferred to future design problems. In this paper, we want to describe an approach to collaborative research projects that extends design-based research with the use of design patterns. We particularly focus on how emergent knowledge can be captured as proto-patterns, how the knowledge develops along the research process, and how such projects can be geared towards pattern outcomes. Towards that end, we present a pattern maturing process describing phases of pattern development that is based on knowledge maturing phase model.

Attwell, Graham, Kieslinger, Barbara, Blunk, Oliver, Schmidt, Andreas, Schäfer, Teresa, Jelonek, Markus, Kunzmann, Christine, Prilla, Michael, Renard, Cyril
Workplace Learning Analytics for Facilitation in European Public Employment Services
In: LAK 2016 Workshop on Learning Analytics for Workplace and Professional Learning, 2016

Abstract The paper is based on early research and practices in developing workplace Learning Analytics for the EU funded EmployID project, focused on identity transformation and continuing professional development in Public Employment Services (PES) in Europe. Workplace learning is mostly informal with little agreement of proxies for learning, driven by demands of work tasks or intrinsic interests of the learner, by self-directed exploration and social exchange that is tightly connected to processes and the places of work. Rather than focusing on formal learning, LA in PES needs to be based on individual and collective social practices and informal learning and facilitation processes rather than formal education. Furthermore, there are considerable concerns and restraints over the use of data in PES including data privacy and issues including power relations and hierarchies. Following a consultation process about what innovations PES would like to pilot and what best meets their needs, PES defined priorities for competence advancement around the ‘resourceful learner’, self-reflection and self-efficacy as core competences for their professional identity transformation. The paper describes an approach based on Social Learning Analytics linked to the activities of the EmployID project in developing social learning including advanced coaching, reflection, networking and learning support services. SLA focuses on how learners build knowledge together in their cultural and social settings. In the context of online social learning, it takes into account both formal and informal educational environments, including networks and communities. The final section of the paper reports on work in progress to build a series of tools to embed SLA within communities and practices in PES organisations.

Attwell, Graham, Biggs, Julie, Bimrose, Jenny, Blunk, Oliver, Brown, Alan, Ćurković, Katarina, Dallmann, Philipp, Dolinar, Urša, Fernández, Jordi, Franzolini, Pablo, Gidion, Gerd, Gogala, Barbara, Hughes, Deirdre, Kautz, Nathanael, Kieslinger, Barbara, Kinkel, Steffen, Klobučar, Tomaž, Kopp, Tobias, Kunzmann, Christine, Prilla, Michael, Rees, Angela, Renard, Cyril, Schäfer, Teresa, Schmidt, Andreas P., Tresents, Cristina, Vlahović, Tanja, Wolf, Carmen
Empowering Change in Public Employment Services: The EmployID Approach

Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas P., Wolf, Carmen
Facilitating maturing of socio-technical patterns through social learning approaches
In: Proceedings of I-KNOW 2015, ACM, 2015

Abstract Pattern-based approaches are becoming increasingly popular to capture design experiences for a wider audience. This rises to particular importance in participatory processes, such as user-driven design approaches. However, the creation process of such patterns is challenging, especially when it comes to motivational, affective and other soft factors. In this paper, we view the pattern development as a knowledge maturing process, i.e., a process of collective knowledge development. We describe the pattern development process, identify barriers in this process, and explain how various social learning approaches, such as peer coaching, social learning programmes (i.e., online courses with a collaborative focus), and reflective instruments in agile processes contribute to the key issue of decontextualizing and recontextualizing experiences in a continuous way.

Holocher-Ertl, Teresa, Kunzmann, Christine, Müller, Lars, Rivera Pelayo, Verónica, Schmidt, Andreas P., Wolf, Carmen
(eds.)
Motivational and Affective Aspects in Technology Enhanced Learning (MATEL). Workshop-Proceedings of MATEL Workshop 2013-2014.
, KIT Scientific Working Paper vol. 26, KIT, 2015

Kinkel, Steffen, Lichtner, Ralph, Schemann, Brita, Schmidt, Andreas P., Behrendt, Sebastian, Koch, Michael, Richter, Alexander
Kompetenzvernetzung für Wertschöpfungschampions
In: Mensch & Computer 2015 Workshopband, De Gruyter Oldenbourg, 2015

Bimrose, Jenny, Brown, Alan, Holocher-Ertl, Teresa, Kieslinger, Barbara, Kunzmann, Christine, Prilla, Michael, Schmidt, Andreas, Wolf, Carmen
Introducing learning innovation in public employment services. What role can facilitation play?
In: Proceedings of International Conference on E-Learning at the Workplace (ICELW) 2014, New York City, USA, June 11-13, 2014, 2014

Abstract Public Employment Services (PES) in Europe are authorities that match supply and demand on the labor market. Rising unemployment in times of crisis and demographic change are amongst others main challenges that PES practitioners, as direct interface between jobseekers and employers, have to deal with. They have to support career adaptability of their clients as well as to enhance and transform their own individual and collective professional identity to successfully cope with today’s challenges of the labor market. The research project EmployID is exploring how to facilitate the learning process of PES practitioners in their professional identity development. The aim of the project is to empower individual PES practitioners, their community and organizations, to engage in transformative practices, using a holistic tool suite combining e-coaching, reflection, MOOCs, networking, analytical and learning support tools. Initial contextual exploration has started to reveal the complexity of challenges when introducing learning innovation in these public organizations.

Maier, Ronald, Schmidt, Andreas
Explaining organizational knowledge creation with a knowledge maturing model
Knowledge Management Research & Practice, vol. 2014, no. 1, 2014, pp. 1--20

Abstract Social media challenge knowledge management because of encouraging conversations, networking and participation in more distributed, diverse and dynamic ways of knowledge development and increasingly important individuals’ interests driving them. Hence, we need to understand the complex relationships between different qualities of knowledge developed in informal and formal processes as well as for overcoming misalignments in routines, tools and infrastructures supporting organizational knowledge creation. This paper contributes a maturation perspective towards explaining organizational knowledge creation and presents a knowledge maturing model, which is grounded in organizational practice and validated with qualitative and quantitative empirical and design studies. The results describe how characteristics of knowledge and support by IT change between phases of knowledge maturing. Our findings confirm theories of organizational knowledge creation with respect to expanding scopes from individuals through communities to organizations moving from interest-driven knowledge exploration in informal contexts to goal-driven knowledge exploitation in formal contexts. The maturation perspective adds to our understanding that organizational knowledge creation is not simply a continuous process. Phases that emphasize changeability alternate with phases concerned with stability. Knowledge develops in contexts that need to switch multiple times between opening up for new knowledge and filtering relevant knowledge and between de- and re-contextualization.

Schmidt, Andreas, Kunzmann, Christine
Designing for knowledge maturing: from knowledge-driven software to supporting the facilitation of knowledge development
In: International Conference on Knowledge Management (I-KNOW 2014), ACM, 2014

Abstract Software engineering has been transformed in recent years by understanding the interaction with customers and the target context as an ongoing learning process. Responsiveness to change and user-centered design have been the consequences. In a similar way, knowledge and ontology engineering are undergoing fundamental changes to acknowledge the fact that they are part of a collective knowledge maturing process. We explore three examples: social media based competence management in career guidance, ontology-centered reflection in multi-professional environments in palliative care, and aligning individual mindlines in pratice networks of General Practitioners. Based on these, we extract five types of designing for knowledge maturing and associated technical implementations. This shows that future technology support should especially target facilitation of self-organized, but tool-mediated knowledge development processes, where, e.g., workplace learning analytics can play a prominent role.

Ley, Tobias, Cook, John, Dennerlein, Sebastian, Kravcik, Milos, Kunzmann, Christine, Pata, Kai, Purma, Jukka, Sandars, John, Santos, Patricia, Schmidt, Andreas, Al-Smadi, Mohammad, Trattner, Christoph
Scaling informal learning at the workplace: A model and four designs from a large-scale design-based research effort
British Journal of Educational Technology,2014

Abstract Workplace learning happens in the process and context of work, is multi-episodic, often informal, problem based and takes place on a just-in-time basis. While this is a very effective means of delivery, it also does not scale very well beyond the immediate context. We review three types of technologies that have been suggested to scale learning and three connected theoretical discourses around learning and its support. Based on these three strands and an in-depth contextual inquiry into two workplace learning domains, health care and building and construction, four design-based research projects were conducted that have given rise to designs for scaling informal learning with technology. The insights gained from the design and contextual inquiry contributed to a model that provides an integrative view on three informal learning processes at work and how they can be supported with technology: (1) task performance, reflection and sensemaking; (2) help seeking, guidance and support; and (3) emergence and maturing of collective knowledge. The model fosters our understanding of how informal learning can be scaled and how an orchestrated set of technologies can support this process.

Bachl, Martin, Zaki, David, Schmidt, Andreas, Kunzmann, Christine
Living Documents as a Collaboration and Knowledge Maturing Platform
In: International Conference on Knowledge Management (I-KNOW 2014), ACM, 2014

Abstract Work-based learning often suffers from lack of opportunities and space for learning activities as part of everyday work processes. One possibility is the active involvement into collective sense-making processes, e.g., how to translate new or updated clinical guidelines into changes of processes and treatment at a concrete practice. This active involvement requires sharing of opinions, ideas, and other “immature” pieces of information/knowledge. However, a major obstacle lies in individuals’ reluctance to share and use immature knowledge if they experience uncertainty about the maturity. Living Documents tries to address this issue. It is a web-based system that allows for collaboration and knowledge development based on the metaphor of a living document. Such living documents combines stable and more mature parts with emergent comments and opinions, which are made first class citizens. Document, sub-documents, and comments can be associated with knowledge maturing indicators. In this respect, the approach to support learning has been based on the knowledge maturing model. The system promotes knowledge maturing by providing a contextual space for conversations that can be linked to more mature knowledge.

Bimrose, Jenny, Brown, Alan, Holocher-Ertl, Teresa, Kieslinger, Barbara, Kunzmann, Christine, Prilla, Michael, Schmidt, Andreas P., Wolf, Carmen
The Role of Facilitation in Technology-Enhanced Learning for Public Employment Services
International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning (iJAC), vol. 7, no. 3, 2014, pp. 56-65

Abstract Public Employment Services (PES) in Europe are authorities that attempt to match supply and demand on the labor market. Rising unemployment in times of crisis and demographic change are among the main challenges with which PES practitioners, as a direct interface between jobseekers and employers, have to deal. They have to support career adaptability of their clients, as well as to enhance and transform their own individual and collective professional identities, in order to cope successfully with the challenges of a changing labor market. As part of the research project EmployID, we are exploring how to facilitate the learning process of PES practitioners in their professional identity development. The aim of the project is to empower individual PES practitioners, their community, and organizations, to engage in transformative practices, using a holistic tool suite combining e-coaching, reflection, MOOCs, networking, analytical, and learning support tools. The key to successful professional identity transformation is continuous learning. Individuals may take on the role of facilitators for the learning of others as well as being facilitated by peers, technology and environment.

Kaschig, Andreas, Maier, Ronald, Sandow, Alexander, Lazoi, Mariangela, Schmidt, Andreas, Barnes, Sally-Anne, Bimrose, Jenny, Brown, Alan, Bradley, Claire, Kunzmann, Christine, Mazarakis, Athanasios
Organisational Learning from the Perspective of Knowledge Maturing Activities
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, vol. 6, no. 2, 2013, pp. 158-176

Abstract The level of similarity of knowledge work across occupations and industries allows for the design of supportive information and communication technology (ICT) that can be widely used. In a previous ethnographically-informed study, we identified activities that can be supported to increase knowledge maturing, conceptualized as goal-oriented learning on a collective level. The aim of this paper is to investigate the current state of support and success of these knowledge maturing activities and to contrast them with their perceived importance, in order to identify those which have the highest potential for being supported by ICT. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected through telephone interviews with representatives from 126 organizations throughout Europe in a sample stratified according to size, sector and knowledge-intensity. The activities that appear to be most promising are ‘reflecting on and refining work practices and processes’, ‘finding people with particular knowledge or expertise’, as well as ‘assessing, verifying and rating information’. Rich empirical material about how these activities are performed and also the issues that emerged and need to be managed were collected. Three clusters of organizations were identified: best performing organizations, people- and awareness-oriented organizations and hesitant formalists. It was found that a balanced knowledge strategy that leaned towards personalization outperformed a codification strategy.

Holocher-Ertl, Teresa, Kunzmann, Christine, Müller, Lars, Pelayo, Verónica Rivera, Schmidt, Andreas
Motivational & Affective Aspects in Technology Enhanced Learning: Topics, Results, and Research Route
In: ECTEL 2013, Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. , Springer, 2013

Abstract Motivational and affective aspects have long been neglected in research and development of technology enhanced learning (TEL) solutions, but it is now increasingly recognized that they are key to acceptance and sustainable success. However, the consideration of these aspects still suffers from fragmented research activities that are in between established disciplines. We summarize the results from three editions of the EC-TEL workshop series MATEL, which has established a forum for interdisciplinary conversations and joint re-search activities. This includes an overview and systematization of current re-search and its findings as well as prioritized research challenges. The paper concludes with a research agenda that advances the inclusion of motivational and affective aspects into TEL from art to an engineering approach.

Schmidt, Andreas
Enterprise Social Media - Herausforderungen für die Unternehmens-IT
In: CIO Handbuch 2013/14, Symposion Verlag, 2013

Schmidt, Andreas
Wissensreifung: Eine neue Perspektive auf die Wissensentwicklung in Unternehmen
horizonte, vol. 2013, no. 41, 2013, pp. 24-26

Abstract Wissensreifung ist eine neue Perspektive auf die Wissensentwicklung in Arbeitsumgebungen. Sie konzentriert sich darauf, wie Aktivitäten und Lernprozesse des einzelnen Mitarbeiters zur Fortentwicklung der Organisation, ihrer Innovations- und Anpassungsfähigkeit beitragen. Sie zeigt Barrieren auf, wo dies nicht funktioniert. Und zeigt Wege auf, wie man diese Barrieren überwinden kann.

Schmidt, Andreas, Kunzman, Christine, Braun, Simone, Holocher-Ertl, Teresa, Cress, Ulrike, Mazarakis, Athanasios, Müller, Lars, Pelayo, Verónica Rivera
(eds.)
International Workshops on Motivational and Affective Aspects in Technology Enhanced Learning 2011 and 2012 (MATEL)
, 2013

Heberle, Andreas, Neumann, Rainer, Schmidt, Andreas
Business Process Management in Zeiten von Social Media und Cloud Computing
In: Tagungsband des Arbeitskreises Wirtschaftsinformatik (AKWI 2013), 2013

Abstract Das klassische Business Process Management (BPM) definiert top-down einen kontinuierlichen Verbesserungsprozess indem ausgehend von den Unternehmenszielen Prozesse definiert, implementiert, ausgeführt und mit Hinblick auf Kennzahlen verbessert werden. In diesem Beitrag stellen wir, eine neue Sicht auf BPM vor: Hoch qualifizierte Mitarbeiter und flexibel zusammengesetzte Expertenteams bearbeiten Geschäftsprozesse fallbasiert oder ad-hoc, aber auf jeden Fall sehr effizient, unter Einsatz von Cloud Computing und Social Media. Wir diskutieren auch die damit einhergehenden Herausforderungen für Unternehmen bezüglich Führungskultur, Wissensmanagement und lernfördernden Umgebungen sowie einer geeigneten Infrastruktur für Adaptive Case Management.

Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas
Barrieren in der Wissensentwicklung und -weitergabe. Analyseinstrumente und Strategien zur Überwindung
In: Laske, Stephan and Orthey, Astrid and Schmid, Michael J. (eds.): PersonalEntwickeln, Luchterhand, 2013, pp. 5.91/1-18

Abstract In diesem Beitrag erfahren Sie, warum die Berücksichtigung motivationaler, sozialer und kultureller Faktoren für die Wissensentwicklung von entscheidender Bedeutung ist, welche sich daraus ergebenden Barrieren von besonderer Bedeutung sind, wie sich diese Faktoren systematisch analysieren lassen, und wie sie sich durch geeignete Maßnahmen überwinden lassen.

Schmidt, Andreas
Knowledge Maturing

Stiehl, Tanja, Führer, Monika, Borasio, Gian Domenico, Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas, Roser, Traugott
What Does “Spiritual Care” Stand for in Pediatric Palliative Care? A Well-grounded Approach: The Web-based Ontology of Spirituality
In: 13th World Congress of the European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC) Prague, Czech Republic, 30 May – 2 June 2013, 2013, pp. 66

Bauters, Merja, Cook, John, Colley, Jo, Bannan, Brenda, Schmidt, Andreas, Leinonen, Teemu
Towards a Design Research Framework for Designing Support Informal Work-Based Learning
In: ECTEL-meets-ECSCW Workshop on Collaborative Technologies for Working and Learning 2013, Paphos, Cyprus, September 2013, CEUR Workshop Proceedings vol. , 2013, pp. 1-5

Ley, Tobias, Cook, John, Dennerlein, Sebastian, Kravcik, Milos, Kunzmann, Christine, Laanpere, Mart, Pata, Kai, Purma, Jukka, Sandars, John, Santos, Patricia, Schmidt, Andreas
Scaling Informal Learning: An Integrative Systems View on Scaffolding at the Workplace
In: ECTEL 2013, Paphos, Cyprus, Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. , Springer, 2013

Abstract While several technological advances have been suggested to scale learning at the workplace, none has been successful to scale informal learning. We review three theoretical discourses and suggest an integrated systems model of scaffolding informal workplace learning that has been created to tackle this challenge. We derive research questions that emerge from this model and illustrate these with an in-depth analysis of two workplace learning domains.

Kunzmann, Christine, Rieker, Patric, Schmidt, Andreas
Exploring Motivational Aspects for Technology-Enhanced Informal Learning in the Construction Sector
In: 3rd International Workshop on Motivational & Affective Aspects in Technology Enhanced Learning, co-located with ECTEL 2013, 2013

Krogstie, Birgit R., Schmidt, Andreas, Kunzmann, Christine, Krogstie, John, Mora, Simone
Linking Reflective Learning and Knowledge Maturing in Organizations
In: 3rd Workshop on Awareness and Reflection in Technology-Enhanced Learning, co-located with ECTEL 2013, 2013

Abstract Reflection is a key activity for learning in organizations. While technology support for reflection on the individual and collaborative level is promising, it remains challenging to embed these learning activities into the organization. To better understand and support reflection in the workplace, it is important to see the mutual dependencies between reflective learning activities and knowledge maturing. In this paper, we seek to bridge the gap by presenting a conceptual model linking reflection and knowledge maturing. Based on the model we put forward three propositions: In reflective learning, expertise moderates knowledge maturing, discrepancies be-tween knowledge elements trigger reflection, and the maturity of knowledge used in reflection influences the reflection process. We use findings from empirical studies in two care homes to support the propositions. We address implications for the design of technology enhanced reflection support by discussing a prototype reflection tool for care homes.

Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas, Attwell, Graham, Chan, Elizabeth, Heinemann-Grüder, Marius, Hughes, Jenny, Lan, Wenlin, Vratny, Andreas, Heberle, Andreas
REFLECT: Community-Driven Scaffolding for Voice-enabled Reflection on the Go
In: 3rd Workshop on Awareness and Reflection in Technology-Enhanced Learning, 2013

Abstract REFLECT is a mobile app that promotes a regular reflective routine. It is voice-based so that it can be used, e.g., while driving a car or in similar situations. The reflection session is scaffolded through decks of questions that can be configured by the other and shared with others, who in turn can reuse the questions.

Kunzmann, Christine, Roser, Traugott, Schmidt, Andreas, Stiehl, Tanja
SpirOnto: Semantically Enhanced Patient Records for Reflective Learning on Spiritual Care in Palliative Care
In: 3rd Workshop on Awareness and Reflection in Technology-Enhanced Learning, co-located with ECTEL 2013, 2013

Abstract Ontologies as shared understanding of a domain of interest can support reflective processes in spiritual care. Such an ontology has been extracted from an empirical analysis of historic patient records, which has identified a key structure. This ontology is supposed to support the reflective learning process of the palliative care team, which is interdisciplinary. A first prototype for a semantically enhanced patient care documentation system has been developed which embeds links to spiritual care into practice and helps to create awareness among other disciplines about the systematic nature of spiritual care.

Strnad, Oliver, Felic, Artur, Schmidt, Andreas
Context Management for Self-adaptive User Interfaces in the Project MyUI
In: Wichert, Reiner and Eberhardt, Birgid (eds.): Ambient Assisted Living, Advanced Technologies and Societal Change vol. 6, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012, pp. 263-272

Abstract Good Human-Computer-Interfaces are necessary for an uncomplicated and reasonable use of software and devices, but depend heavily on the special capabilities of the user. Because it is nearly impossible for a “universal” design to fit to the very broad set of different persons, the appearance and behavior should be customized to the individual user. Current approaches are trying to give users the ability to customize the user interface by providing them detailed configuration abilities, which consumes a lot of time and is hard especially for older people. Also difficulties arise for older people and people with certain limitations, because their capabilities change with aging or with advancing deceases. This makes a row of subsequent adjustments to the Human-Computer-Interface necessary. The MyUI project funded by the EU tries to develop a framework to overcome this problems by using adaptive interfaces.

Ravenscroft, Andrew, Schmidt, Andreas, Cook, John, Bradley, Claire
Designing social media for informal learning and knowledge maturing in the digital workplace
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, vol. 28, no. 3, 2012, pp. 235-249

Abstract This paper presents an original approach to designing social media that support informal learning in the digital workplace. It adapts design-based research to take into account the embeddedness of interactions within digitally mediated work-based contexts. The approach is demonstrated through the design, implementation, and evaluation of software tools supporting a particular type of informal learning called knowledge maturing. The paper: introduces and presents the rationale for, and concept of, knowledge maturing; presents a new design methodology for developing social media that support informal learning and knowledge maturing; focuses on one prototype, for ‘people tagging for organisational development’, that was produced by the methodology (and concisely describes two others); presents the formative evaluation of the highlighted prototype; and finally, discusses the implications and insights arising from this work.

Strnad, Oliver, Felic, Artur, Schmidt, Andreas
Context Management für selbst-adaptive Nutzerschnittstellen am Beispiel von MyUI
In: 5. Deutscher AAL-Kongress 2012 - Technik für ein selbstbestimmtes Leben, 24.-25.01.2012, Berlin, VDE Verlag, 2012

Braun, Simone, Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas
Semantic People Tagging & Ontology Maturing: An Enterprise Social Media Approach to Competence Management
International Journal on Knowledge and Learning (IJKL), vol. 8, no. 1/2, 2012, pp. 86-111

Abstract Semantic People Tagging is an Enterprise 2.0-style approach to making expertise and individual capabilities transparent. By combining it with a collaborative ontology editor and thus the possibility to construct a shared vocabulary and understanding, it can be a supplement for cumbersome competence management, or expert finder solutions, which lack acceptance among employees, and suffer from outdated data. It gives human resources a timely overview of available and required competencies based on peer reviews and actual usage. However, it also needs to be tailored to the cultural characteristics of a specific company. Therefore, we have developed a design framework for semantic people tagging. We want to present the general approach based on the ontology maturing concept of gradual formalization and its implementation based on a social semantic bookmarking system. Focus group interviews with HR experts have further have yielded insights into the wider context and validated the concept. The system has been introduced and evaluated at a company for career advising, and is being rolled out to additional contexts.

Schmidt, Andreas, Kunzmann, Christine, Kaschig, Andreas, Sandow, Alexander, Maier, Ronald
Knowledge Maturing: Creating Learning Rich Workplaces for Agile Organizations

Abstract The agility of organizations has become the critical success factor for competitiveness in a world characterized by an accelerating rate of change. Agility requires that companies and their employees together and mutually dependently learn and develop their competencies efficiently in order to improve productivity of knowledge work. As a reaction to failures of organisation-driven approaches to technology-enhanced learning and the success of community-driven approaches in the spirit of Web 2.0, we have recently seen a paradigm shift in technology support for learning towards more participatory approaches in which learners are seen as active contributors. Within enterprises, this new perspective brings together traditionally separated disciplines like e-learning, knowledge management, and human resources development, but also requires a fundamental change of the culture of the respective enterprise towards an enterprise 2.0, which is characterized by enhanced collaboration and a cultural of employee participation. These developments are at the heart of how individuals and companies value and deal with knowledge. To make sense it and to productively shape the change process, we need a new conceptual framework that is both well-grounded on extensive research and pratically relevant and proven through application in numerous projects. The Knowledge Maturing perspective is a novel approach that helps understanding the fundamental change, the barriers and disruptions in knowledge development, but also shows opportunities and gives guidance to make use of them.

Stiehl, Tanja, Führer, Monika, Schmidt, Andreas, Kunzmann, Christine, Borasio, Gian Domenico, Roser, Traugott
"Ich will kein Engel sein, ich will Rennfahrer werden..." - Angemessener Umgang mit Spiritualität in der Kinderpalliativmedizin: Eine Ontologie der Spiritualität
Zeitschrift für Palliativmedizin, vol. 2012, no. 5, 2012, pp. FV18

Abstract Hintergrund: In einer Studie benannten 73% der Eltern Spiritualität, Religion und religiöse Rituale in ihrer Situation als hilfreich (Robinson et al., Pediatrics 2006). Eine differenzierte Erfassung der spirituellen Bedürfnisse und Spiritualitätskonzepte im deutschen Versorgungskontext ist bislang nicht vorhanden. Daten: 143 Patienten-Akten der Koordinationsstelle für Kinderpalliativmedizin (Zeitraum: 6/2004-8/2009): Hier sind alle Informationen zu Kontakten zu den Kindern/Jugendlichen und ihren Familien notiert. Struktur: Stammdaten, Medizin, Pflege, Besonderheiten, Soziale Arbeit. Obwohl es die Rubrik Spiritualität nicht gab, wurden Aspekte dazu dokumentiert. Methode: Mithilfe der web-basierten Ontologie der Spiritualität wurde eine Zusammenschau der spirituellen Spuren aus den Akten entwickelt (Makro-Level). Eine Einzelfall-Analyse ist möglich (Mikro-Level). Ergebnisse: Im Zentrum der Ontologie steht der jeweilige Patient. Es wurde deutlich: 1. Zwischen der Spiritualität des Kindes und der der Familien kann sich eine Diskrepanz zeigen, die zu unterschiedlichen Bedürfnissen führt und differenzierte spirituelle Begleitung erfordert. 2. Bereiche, in denen implizit spirituelle Bedürfnisse sichtbar wurden (außer Glauben): Deutung der Migration, Familienverständnis, Verlauf des Sterbens, pflegerisches Handeln, etc. Themen nach Relevanz: Warum-Frage, Suche nach Erklärungen für das Schicksal, in nahezu allen Fällen eng verknüpft mit der Frage: Wer ist Schuld?, Allmacht/Ohnmacht, Transzendenz, Liebe über den Tod hinaus, Ewigkeit/Endlichkeit. Die Ontologie ermöglicht eine angemessene Gestaltung konkreter Spiritual Care-Interventionen: Ritual, Begleitung, Schweigen, Beratung, Seelsorge. Diskussion: Anhand von Fallbeispielen werden Gestaltungsformen gezeigt. Austausch im interreligiösen Kontakt und im Kontakt mit Vertretern anderer Spiritualtitätskonzepte ist möglich. Die Ontologie erleichtert Integration von Spritual Care in der Kinderpalliativmedizin.

Müller, Lars, Pelayo, Veronica Rivera, Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas
From Stress Awareness to Coping Strategies of Medical Staff: Supporting Reflection on Physiological Data
In: Salah, Albert Ali and Lepri, Bruno (eds.): Second International Workshop on Human Behavior Understanding (HBU 2011), Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. 7065, Springer, 2011, pp. 93-103

Abstract Nurses and physicians on a stroke unit constantly face pressure and emotional stress. Physiological sensors can create awareness of one’s own stress and persuade medical staff to reflect on their own behavior and coping strategies. In this study, eight nurses and physicians of a stroke unit were equipped with a wearable ECG and acceleration sensor during their everyday work in order to (a) make them aware of stress and (b) support the re-calling of experiences to identify stressors. In an interview one week later, the participants were asked to recollect stress related events through the examination of the sensor data. Although high activity levels diminished the expressiveness of the data, physicians and nurses could recall stressful events and were interested in their physiological signals. However, existing coping strategies turned out as barriers to the adoption of new tools. Future persuasive applications should focus on integration with existing coping strategies to scaffold the reflection process.

Stiehl, Tanja, Führer, Monika, Roser, Traugott, Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas
Describing spiritual care within pediatric palliative care. An ontology-based method for qualitative research
In: 12th Congress of the European Association for Palliative Care 2011, Portugal, 2011

Mazarakis, Athanasios, Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas, Braun, Simone
Culture Awareness for Supporting Knowledge Maturing in Organizations
In: Motivation und kulturelle Barrieren bei der Wissensteilung im Enterprise 2.0, Workshop auf der Mensch & Computer 2011, 2011

Abstract The success and sustainability of informal learning support at the workplace largely depends on motivational, social, and cultural aspects of the involved individuals, teams, and organizations. In this paper, we present our empirical findings from a large-scale interview-based study on those aspects with respect to knowledge development in companies. We draw some conclusions that influence the development of future culturally aware systems for the enterprise and organizations.

Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas
Ethnographically Informed Studies as a Methodology for Motivation Aware Design Processes
In: 2nd International Workshop on Motivational and Affective Aspects in Technology-Enhanced Learning, ECTEL 2011, Palermo, Italy, 2011

Abstract While motivational aspects have been recognized as important factors for IT support for learning, it has been difficult to integrate them into requirements engineering processes. We propose ethnographically informed studies as an effective means that has been successfully applied in two research projects as part of their design processes and discuss the remaining challenges.

Kump, Barbara, Knipfer, Kristin, Pammer, Viktoria, Schmidt, Andreas, Maier, Ronald, Kunzmann, Christine, Cress, Ulrike, Lindstaedt, Stefanie N.
The Role of Reflection in Maturing Organizational Know-how
In: 1st European Workshop on Awareness and Reflection in Learning Networks (ARNets11), in conjunction with EC-TEL 2011, Palermo (Italy), September 21, 2011, 2011

Abstract The Knowledge Maturing Phase Model has been presented as a model aligning knowledge management and organizational learning. The core argument underlying the present paper is that maturing organizational know-how requires individual and collaborative reflection at work. We present an explorative interview study that analyzes reflection at the workplace in four organizations in different European countries. Our qualitative findings suggest that reflection is not equally self-evident in different settings. A deeper analysis of the findings leads to the hypothesis that different levels of maturity of processes come along with different expectations towards the workers with regard to compliance and flexibility, and to different ways of how learning at work takes place. Furthermore, reflection in situations where the processes are in early maturing phases seems to lead to consolidation of best practice, while reflection in situations where processes are highly standardized may lead to a modification of these standard processes. Therefore, in order to support the maturing of organizational know-how by providing reflection support, one should take into account the degree of standardisation of the processes in the target group.

Müller, Lars, Krogstie, Birgit, Schmidt, Andreas
Towards Capturing Learning Experiences
In: Ravenscroft, Andrew and Sharples, Mike (eds.): Context and Technology Enhanced Learning (ConTEL): Theory, methodology and design, ECTEL 2011, Palermo, Italy, 2011

Abstract Learning from experience can be facilitated by capturing and relating context information to experiences. It offers the opportunity to reflect on subjective and objective perspectives. This paper analyzes the challenges for context capturing and management where particularly the question of selecting relevant context aspects is the most pressing. We present a framework to categorize the available data sources regarding their (a) availability, (b) impact on reflection, (c) applicability for sharing, and (d) aggregation.

Cook, John, Schmidt, Andreas, Kunzmann, Christine, Braun, Simone
The challenge of integrating motivational and affective aspects into the design of networks of practice
In: 2nd International Workshop on Motivational and Affective Aspects in Technology Enhanced Learning (MATEL 11), ECTEL 2011, Palermo, Italy, 2011

Abstract In this position paper, we (i) set out the background, problems and questions involved in moving towards a design methodology for incorporating motivational and affective factors in networks of practice, (ii) define networks of practice, highlighting that motivational and affective factors are intertwined with a range of other complex issues, (iii) examine some of these aforementioned problems using a specific example from the MATURE IP (http://mature-ip.eu/) called people tagging, and use this case (iv) to delineate the challenge of integrating motivational aspects into the design of networks of practice.

Wolf, Peter, Schmidt, Andreas, Otte, Javier Parada, Klein, Michael, Rollwage, Sebastian, König-Ries, Birgitta, Dettborn, Torsten, Gabdulkhakova, Aygul
openAAL - the open source middleware for ambient-assisted living (AAL)
In: AALIANCE conference, Malaga, Spain, March 11-12, 2010, 2010

Abstract openAAL is a joint open source initiative by FZI Research Center for Information Technologies, Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena and CAS Software AG. It represents a flexible and powerful middleware for ambient-assisted living (AAL) scenarios and is based on research results of several German and international projects including the SOPRANO Integrated Project. The openAAL platform enables easy implementation, configuration and situation-dependent provision of flexible, context-aware and personalized IT services.

Braun, Simone, Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas
People Tagging & Ontology Maturing: Towards Collaborative Competence Management
In: Randall, David and Salembier, Pascal (eds.): From CSCW to Web2.0: European Developments in Collaborative Design Selected Papers from COOP08, Computer Supported Cooperative Work vol. , Springer, 2010

Abstract Competence Management approaches suggest promising instruments for more effective resource allocation, knowledge management, learning support, and human resource development in general. However, especially on the level of individual employees, such approaches have so far not been able to show sustain-able success on a larger scale. Piloting applications like expert finders have often failed in the long run because of incomplete and outdated data, apart from social and organizational barriers. To overcome these problems, we propose a collabora-tive competence management approach. In this approach, we combine Web 2.0-style bottom-up processes with organizational top-down processes. We addressed this problem as a collaborative ontology construction problem of which the con-ceptual foundation is the Ontology Maturing Process Model. In order to realize the Ontology Maturing Process Model for competence management, we have built the AJAX-based semantic social bookmarking application SOBOLEO that offers task-embedded competence ontology development and an easy-to-use interface. Following evolutionary prototyping within the design-based research methodology we conducted two field experiments in parallel with the system development in order to test the approach of people tagging in general and to explore motivational and social aspects in particular.

Kaschig, Andreas, Maier, Ronald, Sandow, Alexander, Lazoi, Mariangela, Barnes, Sally-Anne, Bimrose, Jenny, Bradley, Claire, Brown, Alan, Kunzmann, Christine, Mazarakis, Athanasios, Schmidt, Andreas
Knowledge Maturing Activities and Practices Fostering Organisational Learning: Results of an Empirical Study
In: Sustaining TEL: From Innovation to Learning and Practice 5th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2010, Barcelona, Spain, September 28 - October 1, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. 6383, Springer, 2010, pp. 151-166

Abstract Knowledge work is performed in all occupations and across all industries. The level of similarity of knowledge work allows for designing supporting tools that can be widely used. In this paper an activity-based perspective towards knowledge work is taken. Based on findings from a previous ethnographically-informed study, we identified valuable activities to be supported in order to increase knowledge maturing inside companies. The goal of this paper is to contribute to which knowledge maturing activities are deemed important, so that they can be supported by IT services. Quantitative and qualitative data have been collected in 126 organisations of different size, sector and knowledge intensity. Important feedback and issues emerged and need to be managed in order to support success in the knowledge maturing activities that allow improvement of organisational learning through the dissemination and application of the most appropriate knowledge.

Ravenscroft, Andrew, Schmidt, Andreas, Cook, John
Designing for Motivation in TEL: Relevance, Meaning and Value in Context
In: Schmidt, Andreas and Braun, Simone and Cress, Ulrike and Holocher-Ertl, Teresa and Kunzmann, Christine and Mazarakis, Athanasios (eds.): First Workshop on Motivational and Affective Aspects in Technology-Enhanced Learning, ECTEL 2010, Barcelona, September 28, 2010, 2010

Abstract Given the increasingly pervasive and important role of the net in our everyday lives, along with the many practices it mediates and supports, it is becoming crucial that we consider the role of motivation in TEL. This will help us to ensure that our TEL innovations are adopted, and their related learning activities are favoured, supported and realised in the digital landscape - and not avoided because our focus lies elsewhere or there are simply too many other things to do. And yet, motivation is poorly understood and usually not considered in the design of TEL. In addressing this issue (of motivation) this paper will reflect on perspectives from Psychology, Serious Games and Social Software, before proposing some initial ideas for designing for motivation. The arising design ideas that have initially been applied to the development of Digital Dialogue Games are now being articulated within a larger scale EU Integrated Project called MATURE, that is particularly challenged to design informal learning and knowledge maturing in the Web 2.0 workplace.

Ravenscroft, Andrew, Schmidt, Andreas, Cook, John
Designing Complex Systems for Informal Learning and Knowledge Maturing in the ‘Web 2.0 workplace’
In: Proceedings of International Conference on Educational Media (Ed-Media) 2010, Toronto, June 29-July 2, 2010

Abstract This article presents an original approach to designing complex systems to realise informal learning and knowledge maturing that is being conducted as part of a large-scale EC project called MATURE. In addressing the challenge of designing work integrated Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL) systems within the ‘web 2.0 workplace’, we have developed and tested an agile and ‘federated’ approach to the design of complex social and semantic technologies. This follows a paradigm of Deep Learning Design that incorporates: early technical and conceptual Design Studies; Use Cases of envisaged scenarios; Demonstrators which synthesise the technical and user requirements; and, a flexible Evaluation Framework that coordinates the related activities. After presenting this approach and how it is realised in an ongoing project, we offer some conclusions about designing complex socio-technical systems for TEL in the future.

Schmidt, Andreas
Motivation, Affective Aspects, and Knowledge Maturing
In: 1st International Workshop on Motivational and Affective Aspects of Technology Enhanced Learning, 2010

Ravenscroft, Andrew, Boyle, Tom, Cook, John, Schmidt, Andreas
Deep Learning Design for Sustainable Innovation within Shifting Learning Landscapes
In: Wolpers, Martin and Kirschner, Paul A. and Scheffel, Maren and Lindstaedt, Stefanie and Dimitrova, Vania (eds.): Sustaining TEL: From Innovation to Learning and Practice 5th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2010, Barcelona, Spain, September 28 - October 1, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. 6383, Springer, 2010, pp. 578-583

Abstract Changes in the underpinning technologies for TEL is occurring at a pace that we have never before experienced, and this is unlikely to slow down. This necessitates a broader and more profound understanding of design that needs to be more future-proof than relying on the latest or emerging technologies and yet embraces the collaborative, multimodal and ubiquitous nature of learning in 21C. In addressing this challenge this article develops, exemplifies and tests the approach of Deep Learning Design (DLD), which has led to relatively large-scale and sustainable innovations and also outlined clear directions for near-future developments. Specifically, in this article we: justify why DLD is necessary and describe its key principles; exemplify these principles through four TEL initiatives; and, draw some implications and conclusions from across these projects about DLD and future learning.

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas, Zacharias, Valentin
Mit Social Semantic Bookmarking zur nützlichen Ontologie
i-com - Zeitschrift für interaktive und kooperative Medien, vol. 8, 2009

Abstract Dieser Artikel präsentiert das SOBOLEO-System und das zugrundeliegende Ontologiereifungsprozessmodell für die kollaborative Ontologieentwicklung. Man kann beobachten, dass die meisten aktuellen Ontologieentwicklungsprozesse und -werkzeuge von einer organisatorischen, personellen, technischen und zeitlichen Trennung zwischen Entwicklung und Nutzung der Ontologie ausgehen – eine Trennung, die wiederum häufig zu kostspieligen und nicht an ihre Nutzung angepasste Ontologien führt. Unser Ansatz überwindet durch diese Trennung verursachten Schwierigkeiten mittels Methoden und Werkzeuge, die die Nutzer der Ontologie in die Lage versetzen, diese selbst zu entwickeln, und zwar im gleichen System, das die Ontologie nutzt und zu dem Zeitpunkt und Umfang wie jeweils nötig (arbeitsintegriert).

Situationsbewusste Informationsdienste für das arbeitsbegleitende LernenSchmidt, Andreas
Situationsbewusste Informationsdienste für das arbeitsbegleitende Lernen
2009

Zunehmend werden Lernen und Arbeiten als miteinander verwobene Aktivitäten verstanden, was von existierenden Ansätzen nur unzureichend unterstützt wird, da sie kaum die Arbeitssituation berücksichtigen, in der sie benutzt werden. In dieser Arbeit geht es darum, eine Methodik für die Lernunterstützung zu erarbeiten und auf technischer Ebene situationsbewusste Informationsdienste mittels Kompetenzontologien und Kontextmanagement zu konzipieren und in realen Unternehmensumgebungen zu evaluieren.

Wolf, Peter, Schmidt, Andreas, Klein, Michael
Applying Semantic Technologies for Context-Aware AAL Services: What we can learn from SOPRANO
In: Workshop on Applications of Semantic Technologies 09, Informatik 2009, Lecture Notes in Informatics vol. , GI, 2009

Abstract Ambient assisted living (AAL) is a newly emerging term describing a research area with focus on services that support people in their daily life with particular focus on elderly people. This includes reminding and alerting the assisted person(s) and their environment, giving feedback, advice, and impulses for physical, or social activities, among others. All of these supportive actions need to be context-aware. Semantic technologies have been considered to be a perfect fit for context-awareness in pervasive computing and ambient intelligence. Mainstream semantic (web) technologies are nowadays largely based on description logics and the W3C standard OWL-DL, which are also used in the AAL domain (see [PG07] and [KC06]). The analysis of the scenarios and use cases, however, have yielded requirements and constraints, which have shown that these mainstream technologies are not well-suited for the AAL domain. In this paper we present the SOPRANO approach as an alternative semantic approach to capturing, managing, and enriching context information for context-aware AAL services.

Schmidt, Andreas, Wolf, Peter, Klein, Michael, Balfanz, Dirk
SOPRANO Ambient Middleware: Eine offene, flexible und markt-orientierte semantische Diensteplattform für Ambient Assisted Living
In: 2. Deutscher Kongress Ambient Assisted Living, Berlin, Januar 2009, VDE Verlag, 2009

Abstract Das Europäische Integrierende Projekt SOPRANO zielt auf die Schaffung einer offenen Plattform für Ambient-Assisted-Living-Lösungen, die älteren Menschen länger ein unabhängiges selbstbestimmtes Leben im eigenen Zuhause ermögli-chen sollen. Um solche Lösungen markttauglich zu machen, ist es von herausragender Bedeutung, sie durch einen fle-xiblen Aufbau anpassbar an die jeweiligen Bedürfnisse zu gestalten und eine funktionierende Marktökologie zu schaf-fen, bei der nicht ein einziger Anbieter alle Funktionen und Dienste entwickelt/betreibt, sondern unterschiedliche Akteure mit ihren jeweiligen Stärken zusammenwirken können. Dazu wird eine technische Plattform konzipiert, die es ihnen ermöglicht ihre Dienste, Produkte und Erfahrungen zu integrieren. Doch eine rein technisch verstandene Modularität reicht nicht aus, um in einer komplexen Domäne wie AAL ein reibungsarmes Zusammenspiel von unabhängig vonei-nander entwickelten Systemteilen zu gewährleisten. Hierzu werden Methoden zur Sicherung der semantischen Kohärenz benötigt, die in SOPRANO durch einen ontologiegestützten Architekturansatz und semantische Verträge zwischen den einzelnen Komponenten umgesetzt werden.

Zacharias, Valentin, Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas
Social Semantic Bookmarking with SOBOLEO
In: Murugesan, San (eds.): Handbook of Research on Web 2.0, 3.0 and X.0: Technologies, Business, and Social Applications, IGI Global, 2009, pp. 225-241

Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas, Braun, Volker, Czech, David, Fletschinger, Benjamin, Kohler, Silke, Lüber, Verena
Integrating Motivational Aspects into the Design of Informal Learning Support in Organizations
In: 9th International Conference on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Technologies, September 2-4, 2009, Graz, Austria, 2009, pp. 259-267

Abstract Motivational aspects in knowledge management have so far largely been considered from the perspective of designing and implementing incentives that influence the extrinsic motivation of employees to participate, contribute, share etc. This is increasingly considered problematic so that this contribution takes a more holistic viewpoint by analyzing and systematizing barriers that have an impact on the motivation to engage in knowledge maturing activities. Based on an ethnographic study and targeted semi-structured interviews, a model is presented that decomposes the motivational aspects. Furthermore, it is presented how motivational aspects can be incorporated into the design of learning support systems.

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas
Mit “People Tagging” zum Kollaborativen Kompetenzmanagement
In: Peters, Isabella and Puschmann, Cornelius and Trkulja, Violeta and Weller, Katrin (eds.): SoSoft 09 - Social Software @ Work. Collaborative Work, Communication and Knowledge Management in Theory and Practice. Proceedings of the 1st Interdisciplinary Workshop of the Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Germany, September 28th and 29th, 2009, CEUR Workshop Proceedings vol. 591, 2009, pp. 65-71

Abstract Das Wissen darüber, wer was weiß, ist im Unternehmen ein essentielles Element für effiziente Wissensreifungsprozesse, wie etwa das Finden des richtigen Ansprechpartners. Viele Ansätze, die dies adressieren, konnten ihren Versprechungen jedoch nicht gerecht werden. Häufig weil in den Verzeichnissen enthaltene Informationen schnell veraltet oder nicht in einer für die Nutzer relevanten Weise beschrieben waren. Zur Überwindung dieser Probleme präsentieren wir einen Ansatz zum kollaborativen Kompetenzmanagement, der alle Mitarbeiter einbindet und teilnehmen lässt. Die Basis hierfür bildet das sog. "People Tagging", bei dem jeder Mitarbeiter die Expertise und Interessen seiner Kollegen mit Tags beschreiben kann. Dies wird durch Methoden der Community-gestützten Ontologieentwicklung ergänzt, mit denen Mitarbeiter den zum Tagging verwendeten Kompetenzkatalog ständig weiterentwickeln und ihren Bedürfnissen anpassen.

Paoli, Heiko, Schmidt, Andreas, Lockemann, Peter C.
User-Driven SemanticWiki-based Business Service Description
In: Schaffert, Sebastian and Tochtermann, Klaus and Pelegrini, Tassilo (eds.): Networked Knowledge - Networked Media: Integrating Knowledge Management, New Media Technologies and Semantic Systems, Studies in Computational Intelligence vol. 221, Springer, 2009, pp. 269-284

Abstract A key factor for success of companies operating in a globalized market environment is a modern SOA-based infrastructure. An essential component of a SOA infrastructure is the central service registry. Current standards for organizing service registries and their implementations are driven by the technical aspects of the infrastructure. When using such technically organized service registries, business users often fail to find the needed information. With the concepts of Web 2.0 in mind, we present a new approach to the organization and implementation of the business registries that are driven by the needs of business users. The paper discusses the problems of the current technically driven approaches, presents an architecture for a business user-driven service registry and introduces an implementation of the architecture using UDDI and Semantic MediaWiki.

Workshop on Knowledge Services & Mashups (KSM '09)
In: Ley, Tobias and Lindstaedt, Stefanie and Schmidt, Andreas (eds.): WM2009: 5th Conference on Professional Knowledge Management, March 25-27, 2009 Solothurn, Switzerland, Lecture Notes in Informatics vol. 145, Bonner Köllen Verlag, 2009

Schmidt, Andreas, Hinkelmann, Knut, Ley, Tobias, Lindstaedt, Stefanie, Maier, Ronald, Riss, Uwe
Conceptual Foundations for a Service-oriented Knowledge and Learning Architecture: Supporting Content, Process and Ontology Maturing
In: Schaffert, Sebastian and Tochtermann, Klaus and Pellegrini, Tassilo (eds.): Networked Knowledge - Networked Media: Integrating Knowledge Management, New Media Technologies and Semantic Systems, Springer, 2009, pp. 79-94

Abstract Effective learning support in organizations requires a flexible and personalized toolset that brings together the individual and the organizational perspective on learning. Such toolsets need a service-oriented infrastructure of reusable knowledge and learning services as an enabler. This contribution focuses on conceptual foundations for such an infrastructure as it is being developed within the MATURE IP and builds on the knowledge maturing process model on the one hand, and the seeding-evolutionary growth-reseeding model on the other hand. These theories are used to derive maturing services, for which initial examples are presented.

Schmidt, Andreas
Knowledge Maturing and the Participatory Enterprise
In: Online Educa 2008, Berlin, December 3-5, 2008

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas, Walter, Andreas, Zacharias, Valentin
Using the Ontology Maturing Process Model for Searching, Managing and Retrieving Resources with Semantic Technologies
In: OnTheMove Federated Conferences 2008 (DAO, COOP, GADA, ODBASE), Monterrey, Mexico, Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. , Springer, 2008

Abstract Semantic technologies are very helpful in improving existing systems for searching, managing and retrieving of resources, e.g. image search, bookmarking or expert finder systems. They enhance these systems through background knowledge stored in ontologies. However, in most cases, resources in these systems change very fast. In consequence, they require a dynamic and agile change of underlying ontologies. Also, the formality of these ontologies must fit the users needs and capabilities and must be appropriate and usable. Therefore, a continuous, collaborative and work or task integrated development of these ontologies is required. In this paper, we present how these requirements occur in real world applications and how they are solved and implemented using our Ontology Maturing Process Model.

Schmidt, Andreas
MATURE: Den Wissensreifungsprozess in Unternehmen verbessern
In: Ockenfeld, Marlies (eds.): Verfügbarkeit von Informationen - 30. Online-Tagung der DGI / 60. Jahrestagung der DGI. Frankfurt am Main, 15. - 17. Oktober 2008, Proceedings, 2008

Balfanz, Dirk, Klein, Michael, Schmidt, Andreas, Santi, Marco
Partizipative Entwicklung einer Middleware für AAL-Lösungen
GMS Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie, vol. 4, no. 3, 2008

Abstract Dieser Beitrag beschreibt die technisch-funktionalen Grundzüge einer Middleware für Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) Anwendungen am Beispiel des Forschungsprojektes SOPRANO und umreißt die wichtigsten Anforderungsfaktoren an das technische System, sowie deren Erhebungs-Methodik. Die dargestellte Middleware ermöglicht den Aufbau flexibler, erweiterbarer und personalisierbarer AAL-Lösungen mit vergleichsweise geringem Aufwand. Das dargestellte technische Konzept umfasst den technischen Design-Ansatz, sowie insbesondere Komponenten, Eigenschaften und Funktionsweise der AAL-Plattform. Neben der Erörterung des technischen Konzeptes wird ein weiterer Schwerpunkt gelegt auf die Methode der Anforderungserhebung und die ermittelten Anforderungen. Es wird Einblick gegeben wie in SOPRANO dem Problem begegnet wurde, sozio-technische Systemanforderungen nutzerzentriert zu „erheben“, obschon die Anwender-Zielgruppe hierzu kaum konkrete Vorgaben machen kann. SOPRANO („Service oriented programmable smart environments for older Europeans“, www.soprano-ip.org) ist ein europäisches Forschungsprojekt, das durch technische Infrastruktur älteren Menschen länger ein unabhängiges Leben in ihrer gewohnten Umgebung ermöglichen soll. SOPRANO konzentriert sich auf die Unterstützung innerhalb des Hauses und betont explizit positive Formen der Unterstützung (engl. well-being). Hierbei steht im Vordergrund, Hilfe nicht nur in Problem- oder Notfallsituationen sicherzustellen sondern ältere Menschen situations-abhängig gerade in alltäglichen Lebenssituationen zu unterstützen.

Schmidt, Andreas, Attwell, Graham, Braun, Simone, Lindstaedt, Stefanie, Maier, Ronald, Ras, Eric, Wolpers, Martin (eds.)
Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Learning in Enterprise 2.0 and Beyond (LEB-2008), Maastricht, The Netherlands, September 17, 2008.
, CEUR Workshop Proceedings vol. 383, 2008

Ravenscroft, Andrew, Braun, Simone, Cook, John, Schmidt, Andreas, Bimrose, Jenny, Brown, Alan, Bradley, Claire
Ontologies, Dialogue and Knowledge Maturing: Towards a Mashup and Design Study
In: Schmidt, Andreas and Attwell, Graham and Braun, Simone and Lindstaedt, Stefanie and Maiaer, Ronald and Ras, Eric (eds.): 1st International Workshop on Learning in Enterprise 2.0 and Beyond, CEUR Workshop Proceedings vol. 383, 2008

Abstract This paper proposes an initial design study to examine and test some of the key concepts and issues within a large-scale European research project that is exploring and aiming to realise learning as a process of knowledge maturing in the workplace. It will outline some of these concepts, based on a contemporary (or Web 2.0 driven) articulation of how ontologies can be acquired, externalised and exploited by a user-community and introduce a new role for learning dialogue - through developing work into „dialogue games‟. An initial scenario, or „thought experiment‟, is proposed that is grounded on currently available ontology development (SOBOLEO) and learning dialogue (InterLoc) web-technologies and how these could be integrated, or „mashed up‟, to improve the management, understanding and application of labour market information in the context of careers advice. Finally, we also consider the potential role of m-learning techniques and the implications about context that these give rise to.

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas, Graf, Ulrich
Partizipative Entwicklung von Kompetenzontologien
In: Workshop Nutzerinteraktion im Social Semantic Web, Mensch & Computer - 8. Fachuebergreifende Konferenz - M&C 2008 (Sept. 8-9, 2008, Lübeck, Germany), 2008

Abstract Ontologiebasierte Ansätze haben sich im Bereich des Kompetenzmanagments, z.B. für die Zusammenstellung von Teams, als vielversprechend herausgestellt. Mit dem Modell des Ontologiereifungsprozesses präsentieren wir einen partizipativen Ansatz für die Entwicklung von Kompetenzontologien, der alle Mitarbeiter in einer Organisation miteinbindet. Dadurch können übliche Probleme in der Erstellung und Pflege der Kompetenzontologie, wie fehlende Aktualität oder unterschiedliche Granularität, aber auch der individuellen Kompetenzprofile überwunden werden. Zur Unterstützung des Ontologiereifungsprozesses für das Kompetenzmanagment wurde die AJAX-basierte semantische Social-Bookmarking-Anwendung SOBOLEO entwickelt, welche die aufgaben-integrierte Entwicklung von Kompetenzontologien zusammen mit einem einfach zu nutzenden Interface bietet.

Schmidt, Andreas, Hinkelmann, Knut, Lindstaedt, Stefanie, Ley, Tobias, Maier, Ronald, Riss, Uwe
Conceptual Foundations for a Service-Oriented Knowledge & Learning Architecture: Supporting Content, Process, and Ontology Maturing
In: 8th International Conference on Knowledge Management (I-KNOW 08), Graz, 2008

Abstract The knowledge maturing model views learning activities as embedded into, interwoven with, and even indistinguishable from everyday work processes. Learning is understood as an inherently social and collaborative activity. The Knowledge Maturing Process Model structures this process into five phases: expressing ideas, distributing in communities, formalizing, ad-hoc learning and standardization. It is applicable not only for content but also to process knowledge and semantics. In the MATURE IP two toolsets will be develop that support the maturing process: a personal learning environment and an organisation learning environment integrating the levels of individuals, communities and organisation. The development is guided by the SER theory of seeding, evolutionary growth and reseeding and is based on generally applicable maturing services.

Wolf, Peter, Schmidt, Andreas, Klein, Michael
SOPRANO - An extensible, open AAL platform for elderly people based on semantical contracts
In: 3rd Workshop on Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Ambient Intelligence (AITAmI’08), 18th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI 08), Patras, Greece, 2008

Abstract Several initiatives have shown the potentials of applying AI techniques to ambient intelligence in general and ambient assisted living in particular. While these systems succeed in adding “intelligence” to systems, they do not provide the extensibility and openness of products ready for the market. In this paper, we present the SOPRANO approach, which is based on a combination of ontologybased techniques and a service-oriented device architecture. In this approach, we focus on separating different aspects of the system like sensors & actuators, context information, and system behaviour, and provide a framework that clearly defines contracts for different solution contributors utilising semantic technologies.

Tzouveli, Paraskevi, Schmidt, Andreas, Schneider, Michael, Symvonis, Antonis, Kollias, Stefanos
Adaptive Reading Assistance for the Inclusion of Learners with Dyslexia
In: IEEE Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT 08), 2008

Abstract Dyslexia is a major barrier to success in education and later on the job as reading skills are fundamental for personal competence development. Children with dyslexia have special learning needs (e.g., more teacher support), which currently only specialized institutions can provide. However, this takes children out of their peer group and causes social problems. On the other side, there is general-purpose reading support software, which is not geared towards children with dyslexia as they lack personalization. AGENT-DYSL brings together speech and image recognition as well as semantic technologies to build a truly adaptive reading support system for children with dyslexia.

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas
People Tagging & Ontology Maturing: Towards Collaborative Competence Management
In: 8th International Conference on the Design of Cooperative Systems (COOP '08), Carry-le-Rouet, France, May 20-23, 2008, 2008

Abstract Competence Management approaches, aiming at making transparent individual competencies and their relationship to organizational goals, suggest promising instruments for more effective resource allocation, knowledge management, learning support, and human resource development in general. However, especially on the level of individual employees, such approaches have so far not been able to show sustainable success on a larger scale. Piloting applications like expert finders have often failed in the long run because of incomplete and outdated data, apart from social and organizational barriers. This affects both competency profiles of the individual employee and non-adequate and often also outdated competency catalogs used as a vocabulary for the profiles. To overcome these problems, we propose a collaborative competence management approach. In this approach, we combine Web 2.0-style bottom-up processes with organizational top-down processes: Web 2.0 oriented bottom-up processes allow every employee to participate and contribute with low usage barriers; i.e. by tagging colleagues; the organizational processes take up and guide these bottom-up developments towards organizational goals. Key idea is that we cannot do competence management completely without an agreed vocabulary (or ontology), i.e. the competency catalog, but we have to make the process of evolving this catalog more collaborative and embedded into its actual usage (e.g., while tagging other employees). Likewise, we do not conceive competency profiles as self-descriptions, but rather as results of collective judgments of others. We approached this problem as a collaborative ontology construction problem of which the conceptual foundation is the Ontology Maturing Process Model. In order to realize the Ontology Maturing Process Model for competence management, we have built the AJAX-based semantic social bookmarking application SOBOLEO that offers task-embedded competence ontology development and an easy-to-use interface.

Schmidt, Andreas
Intelligente Assistenzsysteme für ein besseres Leben im Alter. Berichtz vom Ersten Deutschen Ambient-Assisted-Living-Kongress im dbb-Forum
Technikfolgenabschätzung - Theorie und Praxis, vol. 17, no. 1, 2008, pp. 135-136

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas, Walter, Andreas, Zacharias, Valentin
Von Tags zu semantischen Beziehungen: kollaborative Ontologiereifung
In: Gaiser, Birgit and Hampel, Thorsten and Panke, Stefanie (eds.): Good Tags and Bad Tags - Social Tagging in der Wissensorganisation, Medien in der Wissenschaft vol. 47, Waxmann, 2008, pp. 163-173

Abstract Die Popularität von Tagging-Ansätzen hat gezeigt, dass dieses Ordnungsprinzip für Nutzer insbesondere auf kollaborativen Plattformen deutlich zugänglicher ist als strukturierte und kontrollierte Vokabulare. Allerdings stoßen Tagging-Ansätze oft an ihre Grenzen, wo sie keine ausreichende semantische Präzision ausbilden können. Umgekehrt können ontologiebasierte Ansätze zwar die semantische Präzision erreichen, werden jedoch (besonders aufgrund der schwerfälligen Pflegeprozesse) von den Nutzern kaum akzeptiert. Wir schlagen eine Verbindung beider Welten vor, die auf einer neuen Sichtweise auf die Entstehung von Ontologien fußt: die Ontologiereifung. Anhand zweier Werkzeuge aus dem Bereich des Social Semantic Bookmarking und der semantischen Bildsuche zeigen wir, wie Anwendungen aussehen können, die eine solche Ontologiereifung (in die jeweiligen Nutzungsprozesse integriert) ermöglichen und fördern.

Brena, Ramon, Schmidt, Andreas, Jarrar, Mustafa, Ceusters, Werner, Cantu, Francisco (eds.)
Workshop on Ontology Content and Evaluation in Enterprise (OnToContent 2008) + Quantitative Semantic Methods for the Internet (QSI). Proceedings.
On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2008 Workshops, Lecture Notes in Compter Science vol. 5333, Springer, 2008, pp. 583-665

Kunze, Christophe, Schmidt, Andreas, Holtmann, Carsten, Stork, Wilhelm
Kontextsensitive Technologien und intelligente Sensorik für Ambient-Assisted-Living-Anwendungen
In: 1. Deutscher Kongress Ambient Assisted Living (AAL 2008), VDE Verlag, 2008

Abstract Die Realisierung von AAL-Szenarien ist technologisch sehr aufwändig: Einerseits werden für die Erfassung von physikalischen Signalen eingebettete Sensoren und hardwarenahe Software-Funktionen benötigt, andererseits müssen Kontext-Informationen auf einer viel höheren Abstraktionsebene modelliert und interpretiert und über geeignete Mechanismen verschiedenen Anwendungen zur Verfügung gestellt werden. Für die Realisierung von AAL-Szenarien müssen diese Ergebnisse nun nahtlos integriert und zu nutzbaren Anwendungen umgesetzt wer-den. Im Beitrag wird beschrieben, wie verschiedene Technologien und Ansätze am FZI im interdisziplinären Forschungsfeld "Kontextsensitive Dienste und Intelligente Umgebungen" integriert werden und so neue For-schungsperspektiven für Ambient Assisted Living Anwendungen eröffnen.

Santi, Marco, Schmidt, Andreas, Beinhauer, Wolfgang, Klein, Michael, Link, Jasmin
SOPRANO - Partizipative Entwicklung dienstorientierter Infrastrukturen für das Ambient Assisted Living
In: 1. Deutscher Kongress Ambient Assisted Living (AAL 2008), VDE Verlag, 2008

Abstract SOPRANO ist ein Integrierendes EU-Forschungsprojekt im 6. Rahmenprogramm, das durch eine technische Inf-rastruktur älteren Menschen länger ein unabhängiges Leben in ihrer gewohnten Umgebung ermöglichen soll. Hierbei steht eine positiv besetzte Unterstützung im Vordergrund, die nicht nur in Problem- oder Notfallsituatio-nen eingreift, sondern grundsätzlich die Lebensqualität von älteren Menschen verbessert. Auf methodischer Ebe-ne werden partizipative Verfahren eingesetzt, die potenzielle Nutzer des SOPRANO-Systems in allen Phasen des Entwicklungsprozesses regelmäßig und aktiv einbeziehen. Auf technischer Ebene wird auf der Basis von Onto-logien eine flexible dienstorientierte Architektur entwickelt.

Schmidt, Andreas
Enabling Learning on Demand in Semantic Work Environments: The Learning in Process Approach
In: Rech, Jörg and Decker, Björn and Ras, Eric (eds.): Emerging Technologies for Semantic Work Environments: Techniques, Methods, and Applications, IGI Publishing, 2008

Avatangelou, Elena, Dommarco, Rochi Febo, Klein, Michael, Müller, Sonja, Nielsen, Claus F., Soriano, Ma Pilar Sala, Schmidt, Andreas, Tazaria, Mohammad-Reza, Wichert, Reiner
Conjoint PERSONA-SOPRANO Workshop
In: Mühlhäuser, Max and Ferscha, Alois and Aitenbichler, Erwin (eds.): Constructing Ambient Intelligence: AmI-07 Workshops Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. , Springer, 2008

Abstract Being both EU-IST integrated projects in the field of AAL, PERSONA and SOPRANO organized a conjoint workshop on the occasion of the AmI-07 conference in order for the researchers of the projects to exchange insights of the approaches to the key field challenges, the achievements so far in each of the projects, and possible synergies in the future. Here, we summarize the exchanged info and the workshop results. The paper gives a good overview of the two projects and their status by the end of October 2007.

Jarrar, Mustafa, Schmidt, Andreas, Ostyn, Claude, Ceusters, Werner (eds.)
Workshop on Ontology Content and Evaluation in Enterprise (OnToContent 2007). Proceedings.
On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2007 - OTM Workshops, Lecture Notes in Compter Science vol. 4805, Springer, 2007, pp. 509-575

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas, Walter, Andreas, Zacharias, Valentin
The Ontology Maturing Approach to Collaborative and Work-Integrated Ontology Development: Evaluation Results and Future Directions
In: Chen, Luke Liming and Cudré-Mauroux, Philippe and Haase, Peter and Hotho, Andreas and Ong, Ernie (eds.): Emergent Semantics and Ontology Evolution 2007. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Emergent Semantics and Ontology Evolution (ESOE-2007), ISWC 2007, Busan, Korea, November 12, 2007., CEUR Workshop Proceedings vol. 292, 2007, pp. 5-18

Abstract Ontology maturing as a conceptual process model is based on the assumption that ontology engineering is a continuous collaborative and informal learning process and always embedded in tasks that make use of the ontology to be developed. For supporting ontology maturing, we need lightweight and easy-to-use tools integrating usage and construction processes of ontologies. Within two applications – ImageNotion for semantic annotation of images and SOBOLEO for semantically enriched social bookmarking – we have shown that such ontology maturing support is feasible with the help of Web 2.0 technologies. In this paper, we want to present the conclusions from two evaluation sessions with end users and summarize requirements for further development.

Braun, Simone, Hefke, Mark, Schmidt, Andreas, Sevilmis, Neyir
Im Wissensnetz: Linked Information Processes in Research Networks
In: Proceedings of the German e-Science Conference 2007 (GES 2007), Baden-Baden, Germany, 2007

Abstract At first glance, it seems to be quite surprising that so far traditional business process-oriented knowledge management techniques have not been transferred to research in order to improve the efficiency of scientific work on a larger scale. But due to the high variability and unpredictability of scientific work processes, these techniques are not applicable. In fact scientific work processes have to be understood as a network of informal learning processes with a high level of social in-teraction. For this purpose, we have elaborated the model of a “Knowledge-Added Process” as a new paradigm of process-oriented support. We are developing various models, methods, and tools on the basis of semantic technologies supporting this process, and which are exemplified within three scenarios within the application domain “rapid prototyping”.

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas, Zacharias, Valentin
Ontology Maturing with Lightweight Collaborative Ontology Editing Tools
In: Gronau, Norbert (eds.): 4th Conference on Professional Knowledge Management - Experiences and Visions, Workshop on Productive Knowledge Work (ProKW 07), GITO, 2007, pp. 217-226

Abstract Ontology building is an important prerequisite for state-of-the-art semantic technologies for knowledge worker support. But ontology engineering methods have so far neglected the early phase of ontology building where a conceptualization only exists rather informally and underlies continuous evolution through collaboration and interaction within the community. We have to view ontology building as a maturing process that requires collaborative editing support and the integration into the daily work processes of knowledge workers. In spirit of current Web 2.0 applications, we present an AJAX-based lightweight ontology editor as a first approach to this problem.

Zacharias, Valentin, Abecker, Andreas, Vrandecic, Denny, Borgi, Imen, Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas
Mind the Web!
In: Piskac, Ruzica and van Harmelen, Frank and Zhong, Ning (eds.): New Forms of Reasoning for the Semantic Web: Scalable, Tolerant and Dynamic 2007. Proceedings of the First International Workshop, ISWC 2007, Busan, Korea, November 11, 2007, CEUR Workshop Proceedings vol. 291, 2007

Abstract This paper argues that a significant part of today’s Semantic Web research is still dominated by ideas from centralized databases. Furthermore, the main thread of reasoning research focusses on approaches that can never scale to anything similar to the Web. Starting from these negative observations we argue that emergent semantics and ontology maturing are more suitable approaches for dealing with ontologies on the Web. Similarly, a few approaches for more Semantic Web appropriate reasoning exist, but are in dire need of realistic use cases.

Schmidt, Andreas
Impact of Context-Awareness on the Architecture of E-Learning Solutions
In: Pahl, Claus (eds.): Architecture Solutions for E-Learning Systems, Information Science Reference, IGI Publishing, 2007, pp. 306-319

Abstract Recently, the situatedness of learning has come to the center of attention in both research and practice, also a result of the insight that traditional learning methods in the form of large decontextualized courses lead to inert knowledge; i.e., knowledge that can be reproduced, but not applied to real-world problem solving. In order to avoid the inertness, pedagogy tries to set up authentic learning settings, an approach increasingly shared in e-learning domain. If we consider professional training, it is the immediacy of purpose and context that makes it largely different to learning in schools or academic education. This immediacy has the benefit that we actually have an authentic context that we need to preserve. The majority of current e-learning approaches, however, ignores this context and provides decontextualized forms of learning as a multimedia copy of traditional presence seminars. We show how making learning solutions aware of the context actually affects their architecture and present a showcase solution in the form of the Learning in Process service-oriented architecture.

Schmidt, Andreas, Kunzmann, Christine
Sustainable Competency-Oriented Human Resource Development with Ontology-Based Competency Catalogs
In: Cunningham, Miriam and Cunningham, Paul (eds.): Expanding the Knowledge Economy: Issues, Applications, Case Studies. Proceedings of E-Challenges 2007, IOS Press, 2007

Abstract Competency-oriented approaches are gaining ground in human resource development. Key technology to cope with the complexity of fine-grained approaches are ontologies. By having a formal semantics, many competency-related task can be partially automated on a technical level. In this paper, we want to show that ontology-based approaches also foster the sustainability of such approaches on an organizational level by providing connections between the operational and strategic level. We present a reference ontology and a reference process model which have been applied in a hospital case study.

Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas
Kompetenzorientierte Personalentwicklung: Auf dem Wege zum Lernen bei Bedarf
ERP Management, vol. 2007, no. 1, 2007, pp. 38-41

Abstract Personalentwicklung als klassische Unternehmensfunktion hat in den letzten Jahren zunehmend ein Image-Problem bekommen. Im besten Fall wurde sie noch als Verwaltungs- und Organisationsabteilung für Mitarbeiterschulungen verstanden, im schlimmeren Fall als menschenfreundlicher Luxus begriffen, den man bei der nächsten Krise auf ein Minimum zurückfährt. Zudem sind andere Bereiche wie Wissensmanagement und Kompetenzmanagement entstanden, die sich ebenfalls mit dem individuellen und organisationalen Lernen und den Kerndomänen der Personalentwicklung beschäftigen, ohne dass sie unter deren Zuständigkeit fallen.

Athanasaki, Maria, Avramouli, Maria, Karpouzis, Kostas, Kollias, Stefanos, Ntalianis, Klimis, Schmidt, Andreas, Symvonis, Antonis, Valcarcel, Francesc
AGENT-DYSL: A Novel Intelligent Reading System for Dyslexic Learners
In: Cunningham, Miriam and Cunningham, Paul (eds.): Expanding the Knowledge Economy: Issues, Applications, Case Studies. Proceedings of E-Challenges 2007, IOS Press, 2007

Abstract In this paper we present a novel approach for facilitating dyslexic children in learning to read fluently. We explain the motivation, general idea and initial results in terms of user requirements and system architecture. Unlike previously presented approaches, the aim of this system is to monitor the progress and perspectives of a dyslexic user and supply personalised help, taking advantage of modern ICT features. The goal of this personalised help is to gradually increase the reading capabilities of the user, gradually diminish the assistance provided, till he is able to read as a non-dyslexic learner.

Schmidt, Andreas, Schneider, Michael
Adaptive Reading Assistance for Dyslexic Students: Closing the Loop
In: 15th Workshop on Adaptivity and User Modeling in Interactive Systems, LWA 2007, Halle, 2007

Abstract Adaptive reading assistance can improve the reading performance of students, but current dyslexia pedagogical theories do not yet provide sound results on a micro-level. We want to provide a reading assistance solution that both helps the learner and the dyslexia researcher. In order to archive this, we encode adaptation knowledge in a descriptive way by making use of state-ofthe-art ontology-based techniques. This enables a closed-loop approach of continuous improvement. In this paper, we want to present the overall approach as well as initial results of our work within the EU project AGENT-DYSL.

Klein, Michael, Schmidt, Andreas, Lauer, Rolf
Ontology-Centred Design of an Ambient Middleware for Assisted Living: The Case of SOPRANO
In: Kirste, Thomas and König-Ries, Birgitta and Salomon, Ralf (eds.): Towards Ambient Intelligence: Methods for Cooperating Ensembles in Ubiquitous Environments (AIM-CU), 30th Annual German Conference on Artificial Intelligence (KI 2007), Osnabrück, September 10, 2007, 2007

Abstract The aim of the EU-funded project SOPRANO is to assist older Europeans to lead a more independent life in their familiar environment by means of a next generation smart home with ambient intelligence. The core of the system in each house will be the SOPRANO Ambient Middleware (SAM), which receives the user commands and sensor inputs, enriches them semantically and triggers appropriate reactions via actuators in the house. In this paper, we present a novel approach of an ontology-centred design in order to create SAM as a reliable, deterministic and economically scalable component. Thus, the starting point is the development of a context ontology focussing on the concept of a state. This OWL-Lite ontology is then used as a central reference document during the design process as well as during runtime to abstract from concrete sensor inputs and actuator outputs.

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas, Zacharias, Valentin
SOBOLEO: vom kollaborativen Tagging zur leichtgewichtigen Ontologie
In: Gross, Tom (eds.): Mensch & Computer - 7. Fachübergreifende Konferenz - M&C 2007, Oldenbourg Verlag, 2007, pp. 209-218

Abstract Bisher gibt es kein integriertes Werkzeug, das sowohl die kollaborative Erstellung eines Indexes relevanter Internetressourcen („Social Bookmarking“) als auch einer gemeinsamen Ontologie, die zur Organisation des Indexes genutzt wird, integriert unterstützt. Derzeitige Werkzeuge gestatten entweder die Erstellung einer Ontologie oder die Strukturierung von Ressourcen entsprechend einer vorgegebenen, unveränderlichen Ontologie bzw. ganz ohne jegliche Struktur. In dieser Arbeit zeigen wir, wie sich kollaboratives Tagging und kollaborative Ontologieentwicklung vereinen lassen, so dass jeweilige Schwächen vermieden werden und die Stärken einander ergänzen. Wir präsentieren SOBOLEO, ein System, das kollaborativ und web-basiert die Erstellung, Erweiterung und Pflege von Ontologien und gemeinsamer Lesezeichensammlung ermöglicht und gleichzeitig die Annotierung von Internetressourcen mit Konzepten aus der erstellten Ontologie unterstützt.

Paoli, Heiko, Schmidt, Andreas, Lockemann, Peter C.
User-Driven Semantic Wiki-based Business Service Description
In: 3rd International Conference on Semantic Technologies (I-Semantics 07), Graz, 2007

Abstract A key factor for success of companies operating in a globalized market environment is a modern SOA-based infrastructure. An essential component of a SOA infrastructure is the central service registry. Current standards for organizing service registries and their implementations are driven by the technical aspects of the infrastructure. When using such technically organized service registries, business users often fail to find the needed information. With the concepts of Web 2.0 in mind, we present a new approach to the organization and implementation of the business registries that are driven by the needs of business users. The paper discusses the problems of the current technically driven approaches, presents an architecture for a business user-driven service registry and introduces an implementation of the architecture using UDDI and Semantic MediaWiki.

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas
Wikis as a Technology Fostering Knowledge Maturing: What we can learn from Wikipedia
In: 7th International Conference on Knowledge Management (IKNOW '07), Special Track on Integrating Working and Learning in Business (IWL), 2007

Abstract The knowledge maturing theory opens an important macro perspective within the new paradigm of work-integrated learning. Especially wikis are interesting socio-technical systems to foster maturing activities by overcoming typical barriers. But so far, the theory has been mainly based on anecdotal evidence collected from various projects and observations. In this paper, we want to present the results of a qualitative and quantitative study of Wikipedia with respect to maturing phenomena, identifying instruments and measures indicating maturity. The findings, generalized to enterprise wikis, open the perspective on what promotes maturing on a method level and what can be used to spot maturing processes on a technology level.

Schmidt, Andreas
Microlearning and the Knowledge Maturing Process: Towards Conceptual Foundations for Work-Integrated Microlearning Support
In: Lindner, Martin and Bruck, Peter A. (eds.): Micromedia and Corporate Learning. Proceedings of the 3rd International Microlearning 2007, Innsbruck, Austria, June 2007, Innsbruck University Press, 2007, pp. 99-105

Abstract As a response to the new flexibility in work environments, work-integrated learning on demand is an appropriate form of learning which is in line with microlearning ideas. But in a world of microcontent, we need to consider that not all content is appropriate for everybody. The knowledge maturing process allows for distinguishing between different levels of maturity, and technical learning support based on the maturity level can provide automated guidance to make microlearning more efficient.

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas, Hentschel, Christina
Semantic Desktop Systems for Context Awareness -- Requirements and Architectural Implications
In: 1st Workshop on Architecture, Design, and Implementation of the Semantic Desktop (SemDesk Design), 4th European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC 2007), Innsbruck, Austria, 2007

Abstract Semantic Desktop systems appear to be a promising infrastructure for context-aware applications that acquire and make use of user context information in order to provide more efficient interaction between the user and the system. In a systematic analysis, we have analyzed existing Semantic Desktop systems based on a collection of requirements and deduced from it architectural implications for future Semantic Desktop development.

Schmidt, Andreas
E-Learning 2.0 und die Potentiale semantischer Technologien
In: Gaiser, Birgit and Hesse, Friedrich and Lütke-Entrup, Monika (eds.): Bildungsportale - Potenziale und Perspektiven netzbasierter Bildungsressourcen, Oldenbourg, 2007, pp. 191-205

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas, Walter, Andreas, Nagypal, Gabor, Zacharias, Valentin
Ontology Maturing: a Collaborative Web 2.0 Approach to Ontology Engineering
In: Noy, Natasha and Alani, Harith and Stumme, Gerd and Mika, Peter and Sure, York and Vrandecic, Denny (eds.): Proceedings of the Workshop on Social and Collaborative Construction of Structured Knowledge (CKC 2007) at the 16th International World Wide Web Conference (WWW2007) Banff, Canada, May 8, 2007, CEUR Workshop Proceedings vol. 273, 2007

Abstract Most of the current methodologies for building ontologies rely on specialized knowledge engineers. This is in contrast to real-world settings, where the need for maintenance of domain specific ontologies emerges in the daily work of users. But in order to allow for participatory ontology engineering, we need to have a more realistic conceptual model of how ontologies develop in the real world. We introduce the ontology maturing processes which is based on the insight that ontology engineering is a collaborative informal learning process and for which we analyze characteristic evolution steps and triggers that have users engage in ontology engineering within their everyday work processes. This model integrates tagging and folksonomies with formal ontologies and shows maturing pathways between them. As implementations of this model, we present two case studies and the corresponding tools. The first is about image-based ontology engineering (introducing so-called imagenotions), the second about ontology-enabled social bookmarking (SOBOLEO). Both of them are inspired by lightweight Web 2.0 approaches and allow for realtime collaboration.

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas, Hefke, Mark
A Socially-Aware Desktop for e-Science: Supporting Learning in Networked Scientific Processes
In: Gronau, Norbert (eds.): 4th Conference on Professional Knowledge Management - Experiences and Visions (WM 2007), Workshop on Collaborative Knowledge Management (CoKM), GITO, 2007, pp. 47-54

Abstract Research is likely to be the most knowledge-intensive environment, and it seems to be quite surprising that so far knowledge management (KM) techniques from business environments have not been transferred to e-science initiatives in order to improve the efficiency of scientific work on a larger scale. An empirical analysis accomplished in the research area of rapid prototyping has unveiled that due to the high variability and unpredictability of scientific work processes, state-of-the-art business process-oriented KM approaches are not applicable and that scientific work processes need a different paradigm understanding knowledge processes as informal learning processes with a high level of social interaction. For this purpose, we present the model of a "knowledge-added process" as a foundation and a socially-aware desktop as an appropriate tool paradigm.

Ley, Tobias, Güldenberg, Stefan, North, Klaus, Schmidt, Andreas, Roth-Berghofer, Thomas, Sauermann, Leo (eds.)
Workshop on Productive Knowledge Work (ProKW 2007). Proceedings.
4th Conference Professional Knowledge Management - Experiences and Visions (WM '07), Potsdam, GITO-Verlag, 2007

Maier, Ronald, Schmidt, Andreas
Characterizing Knowledge Maturing: A Conceptual Process Model for Integrating E-Learning and Knowledge Management
In: Gronau, Norbert (eds.): 4th Conference Professional Knowledge Management - Experiences and Visions (WM '07), Potsdam, GITO, 2007, pp. 325-334

Abstract Knowledge management and e-learning both attempt to support learning and knowledge transfer in organizations. However, they aim at knowledge of different degrees of maturity. Central hypothesis of this paper is that the approaches can be integrated on the basis of a process that explicitly aims at designing the transitions of knowledge along varying degrees of maturity. The knowledge maturing process is presented as a conceptual model for explaining and analyzing disruptions in the inter-individual flow of knowledge within organizations. These disruptions can be attributed to a fragmented systems landscape and separated organizational units that foster knowledge of different degrees of maturity. The paper presents criteria for a characterization of this process model and discusses its implications for the design of learning support systems.

Happel, Hans-Jörg, Schmidt, Andreas
Knowledge Maturing as a Process Model for Describing Software Reuse
In: 4th Conference Professional Knowledge Management - Experiences and Visions (WM '07), Potsdam, Workshop on Learning Software Organizations (LSO 07), GITO, 2007, pp. 155-164

Abstract Software reuse has become a major topic in software engineering since reusing artifacts has an important effect on the cost and quality of software products. Accordingly, understanding and managing the mechanisms of software reuse is important for every organization that develops software. In this paper we describe a knowledge maturing process in software engineering and use it to analyze two cases of reusable software artifacts. We argue that the "reusability" of a software artifact is not just an immanent property of the artifact itself, but depends on the "maturity" of the knowledge the artifact embodies. We show that the notion of knowledge maturing can serve as a useful lens for understanding reuse processes and suggest further investigations towards a more holistic concept of reusability.

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas
Expert Finding as Informal Learning Support: Competency-Aware and Socially-Aware
In: First International ExpertFinder Workshop (EFW'07), 2007

Abstract Expert finding goes beyond identifying and locating experts. We see expert finding embedded into informal learning activities where personal and social context plays a decisive role (e.g. looking for colleagues to ask for help). That means on social context level, we need social relationship models describing not only objective but also subjective opinions about relationships' quality. On personal context level, we need shared competence models describing experts and the purpose of interacting with them. With this approach we make expert finding competency- and socially-aware.

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas
Socially-Aware Informal Learning Support: Potentials and Challenges of the Social Dimension
In: Memmel, Martin and Burgos, Daniel (eds.): Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Learner-Oriented Knowledge Management and KM-Oriented Learning (LOKMOL 06), in conjunction with the First European Conference on Technology-Enhanced Learning (ECTEL 06), 2006, pp. 19-25

Abstract With increasingly conceiving learning as a social activity, technological support must become more aware of the social context of the individual in order to be able to provide adequate support. But many issues related to making systems socially aware are subject to ongoing research, e.g., the description and mining social relationships, and especially privacy preserva-tion. This paper wants to give a brief overview which possibilities social awareness can offer, and to present a research agenda for realizing these potentials.

Schmidt, Andreas, Braun, Simone
Context-Aware Workplace Learning Support: Concept, Experiences, and Remaining Challenges
In: Nejdl, Wolfgang and Tochtermann, Klaus (eds.): Innovative Approaches for Learning and Knowledge Sharing. First European Conference on Technology-Enhanced Learning (EC-TEL 2006), Creete, Greece. Proceedings., Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. 4227, Springer, 2006, pp. 518-524

Abstract Workplace learning offers the unique possibility of the immediacy of purpose and real-world context. In order to leverage on this, we have developed a context-aware method to support workplace learning. In this paper, we want to describe the concept of context-steered learning, both from a content-driven and communication-driven perspective, and present corresponding system functionality primitives.

Schmidt, Andreas
Ontology-Based User Context Management: The Challenges of Imperfection and Dynamics
In: International Conference on Ontologies, Databases and Applications of SEmantics (ODBASE 2006), On the Move Federated Conferences (OTM 2006), Montpellier, Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. 4275, Springer, 2006, pp. 995-1011

Schmidt, Andreas, Kunzmann, Christine
Towards a Human Resource Development Ontology for Combining Competence Management and Technology-Enhanced Workplace Learning
In: Meersman, Robert and Tahiri, Zahir and Herero, Pilar (eds.): On The Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2006: OTM 2006 Workshops. Part I. 1st Workshop on Ontology Content and Evaluation in Enterprise (OntoContent 2006), Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. 4278, Springer, 2006, pp. 1078--1087

Abstract Competencies as abstractions of work-relevant human behaviour have emerged as a promising concept for making human skills, knowledge and abilities manageable and addressable. On the organizational level, competence management uses competencies for integrating the goal-oriented shaping of human assets into management practice. On the operational and technical level, technologyenhanced workplace learning uses competencies for fostering learning activities of individual employees. It should be obvious that these two perspectives belong together, but in practice, a common conceptualization of the domain is needed. In this paper, we want to present such a reference ontology that builds on existing approaches and experiences from two case studies.

Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas
Ontology-based Competence Management for Healthcare Training Planning - A Case Study
In: 6th International Conference on Knowledge Management (I-KNOW 06), Graz, 2006

Abstract With the increased pressure towards economic efficiency, hospitals and other healthcare institutions need to reengineer their internal organization and processes. This challenges human resources development with increased efficiency of training in general. We have developed a competence management concept for training planning at a big German hospital with a special focus on critically analyzing the suitability of state-of-the-art ontology-based approaches for the area of nursery. Experiences from the case study show the general feasibility, but also crucial issues summarized in this paper.

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas
Kontextbewusste Lernunterstützung für das Lernen bei Bedarf
In: Heinecke, A. M. and Paul, H. (eds.): Mensch & Computer - 6. Fachuebergreifende Konferenz - M&C 2006, Oldenbourg Verlag, 2006, pp. 283-292

Abstract Die Flexibilisierung der Arbeitswelt führt zu einer Individualisierung der Bildungspfade, für die zunehmend das praktizierte Lernen auf Vorrat nicht mehr gerecht wird. Ein Wandel hin zu einem Lernen bei Bedarf erfordert allerdings auch einen Wandel der Rolle von lernunterstützenden Systemen. Als Methode hierfür präsentieren wir das kontextgesteuerte Lernen und zeigen, wie sich Lernen sowohl durch klassische Lernobjekte als auch durch zwischenmenschliche Kommunikation mittels Berücksichtigung des Kontextes initiieren und verbessern lässt.

Schmidt, Andreas
Ontology-based User Context Management: The Challenges of Dynamics and Imperfection
In: Meersman, Robert and Tahiri, Zahir (eds.): On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2006: CoopIS, DOA, GADA, and ODBASE. Part I., Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. 4275, Springer, 2006, pp. 995--1011

Abstract Robust and scalable user context management is the key enabler for the emerging context- and situation-aware applications, and ontology-based approaches have shown their usefulness for capturing especially context information on a high level of abstraction. But so far the problem has not been approached as a data management problem, which is key to scalability and robustness. The specific challenges lie in the imperfection of high-level context information, its time-dependence and the variability in the dynamics between its different elements. The approach presented in this paper presents a layered data model which structures the problems and is geared towards flexible and efficient query processing in combination of relational database and logic-based techniques. The techniques have been successfully applied for context-aware corporate learning support.

Braun, Simone, Schmidt, Andreas
Don’t Annoy the Informal Teacher: Context-Aware Mediation of Communication for Workplace Learning
In: Tochtermann, Klaus and Maurer, Hermann (eds.): Proceedings of I-KNOW 2006, Special Track on Integrating Working and Learning, Springer-Verlag, 2006, pp. 429-436

Abstract The verbal inter-human exchange forms an important part of informal learning, especially in workplace learning. Where informal learning is taking place within communication, there informal teaching also takes place; but the side of the informal teachers, who are also integrated into work and learning processes, and from which they are distracted from, has been neglected so far. As a method we present in this paper the context-aware mediation of communication between the learner and the informal teacher.

Schmidt, Andreas
A Layered Model for User Context Management with Controlled Aging and Imperfection Handling
In: Roth-Berghofer, Thomas R. and Schulz, Stefan and Leake, David B. (eds.): Modeling and Retrieval of Context. Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Modeling and Retrieval of Context MRC 2005, Edinburgh, Scotland, July 31 - August 1, 2005, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence vol. 3946, 2006

Abstract Current research in context-awareness is biased toward low-level context information. High-level context information, however, poses several challenges to context management systems, which can be traced back to the asynchronicity of context acquisition and use and the inherent dynamics and imperfection in that process. This paper presents a three layer model allowing for dealing with the problems of imperfection and aging in a controlled way. It conceives the problem of high-level user context management as an information management problem with specific requirements. The approach has been applied to a context-aware learning environment for corporate learning support.

Kunzmann, Christine, Schmidt, Andreas, Mager, Friedbert
Kompetenzen managen: Wie man Fort- und Weiterbildungen in der Krankenpflege gezielt und zukunftsorientiert plant.
krankenhaus umschau, vol. 75, no. 8, 2006, pp. 712-714

Schmidt, Andreas, Kunzmann, Christine, Biesalski, Ernst
Systematische Personalentwicklung mit ontologiebasierten Kompetenzkatalogen: Konzepte, Erfahrungen, Visionen
In: Gronau, Norbert and Fröming, Jane and Schmid, Simone (eds.): Fachtagung Kompetenzmanagement - Schulung, Staffing und Anreizsysteme, Potsdam, 5.10.2006, GITO, 2006

Abstract Ontologiebasierten Kompetenzkatalogen kommt im Rahmen des Kompetenzmanagements eine Schlüsselrolle zu. Auf methodischer Ebene dienen sie dazu, Personalentwicklungsstrategien konstruktiver zu diskutieren sowie strategische und operative Ebene besser miteinander zu vernetzen. Auf technologischer Ebene kann derselbe Katalog bzw. eine unmittelbare Verfeinerung/Erweiterung zur (Teil-)Au-tomatisierung von Personalprozessen genutzt werden, um so kompetenzbasierte Personalentwicklung effizienter zu gestalten. Gezeigt wird dies an zwei Beispielen: dem integrierten Ansatz der DaimlerChrysler AG, Werk Wörth und dem Ansatz zur Bildungsbedarfsplanung und -steuerung am Städtischen Klinikum Karlsruhe. Abschließend soll ein Ausblick gegeben werden, wie Kompetenzkataloge auch zur Unterstützung des Lernens bei Bedarf (z.B. durch Generierung von individuellen Bildungsempfehlungen) am Arbeitsplatz genutzt werden können (am Beispiel des Forschungsprojektes Learning in Process).

Schmidt, Andreas
Knowledge Maturing and the Continuity of Context as a Unifying Concept for Knowledge Management and E-Learning
In: Proceedings of I-KNOW 05, Graz, Austria, 2005

Abstract Although both e-learning and knowledge management are about facilitating learning in organization, the major obstacle to bring both of them together can be traced back to different paradigms of learning, resulting from the different nature of the knowledge they are dealing with. In this paper, a knowledge maturing process is presented to illustrate the change of nature and the discontinuities. This lays the foundation for a better understanding. In order to overcome the discontinuities, the consideration of context is proposed, which offers the required continuity.

Picco, Paola, Kazakos, Wassili, Schmidt, Andreas
CoastBase: an Information System for Easier Access to Dispersed Marine Databases
Bolletino di Geofisica teorica et applicada - An International Journal for Earth Sciences, vol. 46, no. 4, 2005, pp. 345--356

Schmidt, Andreas
Bridging the Gap between Knowledge Management and E-Learning with Context-Aware Corporate Learning.
In: WM 2005: Professional Knowledge Management - Experiences and Visions, Contributions to the 3rd Conference Professional Knowledge Management - Experiences and Visions, April 10-13, 2005, Kaiserslautern, Germany, DFKI, 2005, pp. 170-175

Abstract Knowledge management and e-learning both address the same fundamental problem: facilitating learning in organizations. But they approach the problem with two different paradigms, resulting in two different types of system. This paper proposes context awareness with respect to the learner’s or employee’s context as a solution to bridge the gap. The project Learning in Process is illustrating a step into that direction.

Schmidt, Andreas
Potentials and Challenges of Context Awareness for Learning Solutions
In: LWA 2005: Lernen--Wissensentdeckung--Adaptivität, 13th Annual Workshop of the SIG Adaptivity and User Modeling in Interactive Systems (ABIS 2005), Saarbrücken, 2005

Abstract Current e-learning systems fail to take into account the situation of the learner appropriately although there is a big potential for improving those systems. This paper tries to summarize the potentials and highlight the key challenges of context-aware learning systems. It also presents some steps towards mastering the challenges.

Schmidt, Andreas
Bridging the Gap between Knowledge Management and E-Learning with Context-Aware Corporate Learning Solutions
In: Althoff, Klaus-Dieter and Dengel, Andreas and Bergmann, Ralph and Nick, Markus and Roth-Berghofer, Thomas (eds.): Professional Knowledge Management. Third Biennial Conference, WM 2005, Kaiserlautern, Germany, April 2005. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence vol. 3782, Springer, 2005, pp. 203-213

Abstract Knowledge management and e-learning both address the same fundamental problem: facilitating learning in organizations. But they approach the problem with two different paradigms, resulting in two different types of system. This paper proposes context awareness with respect to the learner’s or employee’s context as a solution to bridge the gap. The project Learning in Process is illustrating a step into that direction.

Schmidt, Andreas
A Layered Model for User Context Management with Controlled Aging and Imperfection Handling
In: Roth-Berghofer, Thomas R. and Schulz, Stefan and Leake, David B. (eds.): Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Modeling and Retrieval of Context MRC 2005, Edinburgh, Scotland, July 31 - August 1, 2005, CEURWorkshop Proceedings ISSN 1613-0073 vol. , 2005

Abstract Current research in context-awareness is biased toward low-level context information. High-level context information, however, poses several challenges to context management systems, which can be traced back to the asynchronicity of context acquisition and use and the inherent dynamics and imperfection in that process. This paper presents a three layer model allowing for dealing with the problems of imperfection and aging in a controlled way. It conceives the problem of high-level user context management as an information management problem with specific requirements. The approach has been applied to a context-aware learning environment for corporate learning support.

Schmidt, Andreas
Kontext-Middleware zur Verwaltung dynamischer und unvollkommener Kontextinformationen
In: Höpfner, H. and Sattler, K.-U. (eds.): GI-Workshop Grundlagen und Anwendungen mobiler Datenbanken und Informationssysteme (MDBIS), Universität Madgeburg, 2004, pp. 97-103


Intelligent Retrieval of Digital Resources by Exploiting Their Semantic Context.
In: Meersman, Robert and Tari, Zahir (eds.): CoopIS/DOA/ODBASE (1), Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. 3290, Springer, 2004, pp. 705-723

Schmidt, Andreas
Kontextualisiertes Lernen in Unternehmensumgebungen
In: Workshop Mobiles Lernen im Rahmen einer Notebook-University, Rostock, 2004

Schmidt, Andreas, Winterhalter, Claudia
User Context Aware Delivery of E-Learning Material: Approach and Architecture.
J. UCS, vol. 10, no. 1, 2004, pp. 28-36

Schmidt, Andreas
Context-Steered Learning: The {Learning in Process} approach
In: IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT '04), IEEE Computer Society, 2004, pp. 684-686

Abstract Context-steered learning in enterprises promises both from a learner point of view and from an organizational point of view higher learning efficiency and improved quality control. We present the Learning in Process approach for contextualizing learning processes in a corporate setting. Its nucleus is a matching component compiling personalized learning programs on demand from modular learning objects.

Schmidt, Andreas
Management of Dynamic and Imperfect User Context Information.
In: Meersman, Robert and Tari, Zahir and Corsaro, Angelo (eds.): OTM Workshops, Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. 3292, Springer, 2004, pp. 779-786

Schmidt, Andreas
Kontextgesteuertes Lernen in Unternehmensumgebungen: Der Learning in Process-Ansatz
In: 2. Deutsche e-Learning Fachtagung der Gesellschaft für Informatik (Delfi 04), Paderborn, Germany, Lecture Notes in Informatics vol. , Gesellschaft für Informatik, 2004, pp. 259-270

Schmidt, Andreas, Winterhalter, Claudia
User Context Aware Delivery of E-Learning Material: Approach and Architecture
In: I-KNOW 2003, 2003

Abstract Current E-Learning solutions are not sufficiently aware of the context of the learner, i.e. the individual characteristics, the organization and the work processes and tasks. This can be achieved by modular learning objects and semantical metadata for their contextualization. This allows to deliver learning material that is relevant to the current situation of the learner. This paper presents the general approach and the architecture.

Valikov, Aleksei, Akhounov, Alexey, Schmidt, Andreas
A Model-Transformers Architecture for Web Applications
In: 3rd VLDB Workshop on Technologies for E-Services (TES'02), 2002

Abstract In this paper we address the problem of adding XML interface to existing relational database solutions by providing mechanisms for storing, retrieving and querying information which resides in relational database by XML means. These mechanisms should be transparent enough to allow a database to act as a simple set of XML documents with the advantage of much more efficient querying. We describe the implementation of such a system based on object views and instead-of triggers and discuss advantages and disadvantages of suggested approaches.

Kazakos, Wassili, Nagypal, Gabor, Schmidt, Andreas, Tomczyk, Peter
XI3 - Towards an Integration Web
In: 12th Workshop on Information Technology and Systems (WITS '02), 2002

Datenbanken und XML. Konzepte, Anwendungen, SystemeKazakos, Wassili, Schmidt, Andreas, Tomczyk, Peter
Datenbanken und XML. Konzepte, Anwendungen, Systeme
2002

Datenbanken und XML - zwei Welten wachsen zusammen. Doch ist das Zusammenspiel in der Praxis nicht ganz einfach. Das Buch wendet sich an Projektleiter, Systemdesigner und Entwickler sowie an Studenten und Dozenten und alle, die ein umfassendes Verständnis des Gesamtthemas anstreben. In diesem Buch wird XML als logisches Datenmodell begriffen, und es werden die aktuellen XML-Standards und -Techniken aus der Perspektive der D atenbanktechnik untersucht und erklärt: XML Schema und alternative Schemaformalismen, XQuery und alternative Anfragesprachen, XSLT und XForms. Aber damit wird es erst spannend: Wie gelange ich von konzeptuellen Modellen wie UML oder ER zu XML-Schemata? Wie speichere ich XML in relationalen, objektorientierten oder nativen Systemen? Wie binde ich existierende Systeme in die XML-Welt ein? Das sind Fragen, die ebenfalls in diesem Buches beantwortet werden. Der letzte Teil rundet die Thematik ab und widmet sich konkreten Datenbankprodukten und aktuellen Trends in der Praxis: Welche XML-Funktionalität bieten bereits jetzt die wichtigsten Vertreter relationaler Datenbanken Oracle, Microsoft und IBM? Wie arbeiten die Alternativen im Bereich der nativen XML-Datenbanken: Tamino, Natix und Birdstep? Und: Wie sieht eine XML-fähige Datenbank-Middleware aus?

Kazakos, Wassili, Valikov, Aleksei, Schmidt, Andreas, Lehfeldt, Rainer
Automation of Metadata Repository Generation with XML Schema
In: Pilmann, Werner and Tochtermann, Klaus (eds.): Environmental Communication in the Information Society. 16th International Conference Informatics for Environmental Protection, 2002, pp. 400-407

Abstract Metadata standards have been discussed since years in the environmental domain. Although the community has agreed that metadata are important for information finding, an globally accepted standard is still missing. Different requirements in diverse environmental application domains, countries and organisations have led to a huge variety on metadata vocabularies and technologies. Even projects using existing standards tend to adjust them slightly to their own requirements. A consequence is that new metadata repositories are developed or adapted to the new meta data element sets over and over again . In this paper we present a novel approach for the automation of metadata repository development. As input the system requires only an XML Schema describing the metadata vocabulary. Out of this schema the user interface, database schema and the search, retrieval and upload mechanism are generated during a batch process. The user interface layout can be further controlled by templates. The system is developed for the NOKIS project and evaluated by generating a metadata repository for an adjusted ISO 19115 metadata element set.

Valikov, Aleksei, Kazakos, Wassili, Schmidt, Andreas
Building Updateable XML Views On Top Of Relational Databases
In: Lasker, G. and Dahanayake, A. (eds.): International Symposium on Systems Integration, The Internation Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics, 2001, pp. VII-1-VII-8

Kazakos, Wassili, Schmidt, Andreas, Paoli, Heiko
XML-based Virtual Catalogue Module in CoastBase
In: Hilty, L. and Gilgen, P. (eds.): Sustainability in the Information Society - 15th International Symposium Informatics for Environmental Protection, Metropolis, 2001, pp. 513-520

Kazakos, Wassili, Paoli, Heiko, Schmidt, Andreas
Anwendung von SOAP in CoastBase
In: Tochtermann, K. and Riekert, W.F. (eds.): Neue Methoden für das Wissensmanagement im Umweltschutz; 4. Workshop des Arbeitskreises Hypermedia im Umweltschutz, Metropolis, 2001, pp. 115-123

Kazakos, Wassili, Kramer, Ralf, Schmidt, Andreas
CoastBase - The Virtual European Coastal and Marine Data Warehouse
In: Cremers, A. and Greve, K. (eds.): Umweltinformatik 2000, Metropolis-Verlag, Marburg, 2000, pp. 646-654

Schmidt, Andreas
Ein Rechercheassistent für Digitale Bibliotheken im WWW

Schmitt, Bethina, Schmidt, Andreas
METALICA: An Enhanced Metasearch Engine for Literature Catalogs
In: 2nd Asian Digital Library Conference, ADL '99, 1999